The "specials" were powered by Packard-built Merlin 38 engines and featured a lengthened, streamlined nose and tail cone. Crew:7: pilot, flight engineer, navigator, bomb aimer/nose gunner, wireless operator, mid-upper and rear gunners 2. [14], In 1954, the French Aéronavale procured five Yorks from the British Air Ministry and operated the type at Le Bourget for around a year. Development started in 1940 as a low priority project for … – a 1945 advertisement in, de Havilland DH.82C Tiger Moth & Menasco Moth, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avro_Lancastrian&oldid=1004281501, Articles needing additional references from June 2018, All articles needing additional references, Aircraft specs templates using more performance parameter, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Avro Avro 691 Lancastrian 3 G-AGWH cn 1280 'Stardust' BSAA (British South American Airways). The Avro 691 Lancastrian was a Canadian and British passenger and mail transport aircraft of the 1940s and 1950s developed from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber.The Lancaster was named after Lancaster, Lancashire; a Lancastrian is an inhabitant of Lancashire. [5], Flights were soon established to Johannesburg, South Africa, in conjunction with South African Airways; Yorks assigned to this route outfitted with a total of 12 sleeping berths in addition to passenger seating due to the journey time. 26 May 1955: An Associated Airways York was damaged beyond repair after hitting an obstacle on takeoff from Edmonton Municipal Airport, Canada. [1] It had initially been fitted with the twin fins and rudders of the Lancaster but the increased fuselage side area forward of the wing compared to the Lancaster necessitated fitting a third central fin to retain adequate control and directional stability; the third fin was fitted as standard on subsequent production aircraft. [3] The fourth prototype, LV639, was furnished as a paratroop transport, complete with ventral dropping doors. PASSENGER: Virtual Aircraft Museum / Canada / Avro Canada : One of the first tasks of the new Canadian company, following formation of Avro Aircraft Ltd, was the origination in 1946 of the design for a 50-seat medium-range civil transport. 216 Group RAF; this led to some early Yorks bearing a confusing combination of both civilian registrations and military external markings. 5. [10] At least one of the Yorks, CF-HAS, was retained, and was in service with Transair as late as 1961. [3], Production of the York proved difficult to speed up, due to shortages of key materials. The Avro York had 87 hull-loss accidents or incidents with the following list of accidents involving fatalities and major hull-losses. An ideal candidate emerged as the Avro Lancastrian which could easily accommodate the test instrumentation as well as fly on the power of two piston engines if required. This conversion was a success resulting in eight additional Lancaster Xs being converted. The Avro York was, like its Lancaster and Lincoln stablemates, a versatile aircraft. Der ursprüngliche Entwurf mit der Bezeichnung HS.146 stammt von Hawker Siddeley aus dem Jahr 1973. 23 December 1957: A cargo Scottish Airlines York crashed near Stansted on approach to the airport, killing all four crew. Powerplant:4 × Rolls-Royce Merlin XX liquid-cooled V12 engines, 1,280 hp (… The Lancastrian was basically a modified Lancaster bomber without armour or armament and with the gun turrets … [15] Early BOAC operations were conducted in close collaboration with No. Consequently, as passengers are bulky but low in weight, it was not suited to carry large numbers of passengers, but was suitable for mail and a small number of VIP passengers. Wing area:1,297 sq ft (120.5 m²) 6. It was beaten to the air by only 13 days by the de Havilland Comet, thereby becoming the second jet airliner in the world. It joined the fleet of Allied aircraft engaged in the Berlin Airlift and in May 1947, the York moved to 511 Squadron at Lyneham, where it served until May 1950 when it was used by Fairey Aviation for flight refuelling research. The wings used a two-spar structure, which housed seven internal fuel tanks between the spars, containing 2,478 imperial gallons (11,270 l; 2,976 US gal). The Avro 691 Lancastrian was a Canadian and British passenger and mail transport aircraft of the 1940s and 1950s developed from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber.The Lancaster was named after Lancaster, Lancashire; a Lancastrian is an inhabitant of Lancashire. "The Avro Type 685 York. Eighteen Avro 748 Series 1 aircraft were produced; during April 1962, the first production aircraft were delivered to launch customer Skyways Coach-Air Limited. During its first major overhaul by Avro at Manchester (Ringway) in 1945, the aircraft was repainted a light duck egg green, a shade intended to cool down the aeroplane, instead of its former normal camouflage colour scheme. Within five months, the company refined the design and had quickly assembled an initial prototype. They would have seated 70 and 80 passengers respectively, but these two designs matured in the Avro RJ70 (officially Avro 146-RJ70) with improved FADEC equipped LF-507 engines and digital avionics. Ascalon was to be fitted with a special pressurised "egg" so that VIP passengers could be carried without their having to use an oxygen mask. Cruise 485 mph. Avro (eigentlich A.V. Description. After more than 15 years of service, SWISS says goodbye to an icon of the sky, the Avro RJ100, also known as Jumbolino. On 24 June 1960, the first Avro 748 made its maiden flight from the company's Woodford, Cheshire aircraft factory. BAE SYSTEMS AVRO RJ-100. Height:20 ft 6 in (6.25 m) 5. [16] The majority of BOAC's York fleet were fully furnished passenger airliners or as combi passenger-cargo aircraft. The versions of the Tudor are listed below: Avro 688 Tudor 1. 3. Another example on public display is held at the Imperial War Museum Duxford: Avro 685 York C1, G-ANTK is an ex-Dan Air London aircraft. Registration G-JOTS. [5], During the Berlin Airlift, RAF Yorks from seven different squadrons flew over 58,000 sorties to provide the city with vital supplies between 1948 and 1949. [7] BOAC's Yorks continued to operate freight schedules until November 1957 when the last example was withdrawn. 25 May 1958: A Dan-Air York crashed at Guragon, Bridgeman, Leonard. AVCON GmbH is pleased to offer this BAe146 aircraft for lease and will be happy to provide further information on application. While there are no flying examples of the Avro York, there are two complete examples on display. Following the end of the Airlift, the RAF retired much of its York fleet; around 40 of these were sold onto civilian operators while many others were scrapped due to the onset of corrosion. The Avro Anson is a British twin-engined, multi-role aircraft built by the aircraft manufacturer Avro.Large numbers of the type served in a variety of roles for the Royal Air Force (RAF), Fleet Air Arm (FAA), Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) and numerous other air forces before, during, and after the Second World War. [8] The outboard panels of the wings were tapered on both edges and were furnished with detachable tips. [8] Each engine drove a three-bladed constant-speed fully feathering metal propeller, manufactured by de Havilland Hydromatic. Listing of all aircraft designed, developed or produced by Avro. 1952. [10], On 21 February 1944, the first civilian York (G-AGJA), initially built for the RAF as MW103, received its airworthiness certificate, thus clearing its delivery shortly thereafter to the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC). Avroliner 100 signifies for 100 passengers. Der Name geht zurück auf den Unternehmensgründer, den Flugzeugpionier Sir Edwin Alliott Verdon Roe. Durch die Wirtschaftskrise Mitte der 1970er Jahre schwanden die Marktchancen für das geplante Zubringerflugzeug, so dass die Entwicklung zunächst verschoben wurde. [5] Early production Yorks were principally used as a VIP transport aircraft; notably, the third prototype, LV633 being luxuriously fitted out and becoming the personal transport of Winston Churchill. Saved by Tim Clark. Testing at RAE Farnborough found the "egg" to work satisfactorily. In July 1954, MW232 became G-ANTK with Dan Air and it was used for freight work until its retirement in May 1964. :[34], Data from Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II,[42] The Avro York. The 146-200 based Avro RJ85 was the first member of … Flew the first international all-jet passenger flight from London to Paris on 23 November 1946. Length:69 ft 4 in (21.11 m) 3. In civilian service, British South American Airways (BSAA) and British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) were the largest users of the type. [1], In February 1942, Chadwick submitted his drawings to Avro's experimental department. [1] The project may well have been influenced by a shortage of transport aircraft, as well as by the formation of the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC), in 1940, to run all of the nation's overseas civil air routes. 33. These Lancastrians were used by TCA on its Montreal–Prestwick route.[2]. The Avro York was a British transport aircraft developed by Avro during the Second World War.The design was derived from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber, several sections of the York and Lancaster being identical.Due to the importance of Lancaster production, York output proceeded at a slow pace until 1944, after which a higher priority was placed upon transport aircraft. 18 March 1947: An RAF York crashed and burnt out near Negombo Town after departure from Negombo, 13 April 1947: British South American Airways York, 1 July 1947: An RAF York crashed after overshooting at, 17 November 1947: An RAF York crashed after overshooting at, 16 February 1948: An RAF York was damaged beyond repair during a landing at, 19 September 1948: An RAF York crashed on takeoff from, 5 January 1949: British South American Airways York, 15 March 1949: A Skyways York crashed on approach to, 26 June 1954: A Skyways York crashed landed at. The two aircraft also substantially differed in external appearance. RJ85 / Vehicle, Gothenburg Sweden, 2011 (On 8 September 2011, a Brussels Airlines Avro RJ85 on the take off roll at Gothenburg came close to collision with a vehicle which the subsequent investigation found had been issued with clearance to enter the same runway as a result of controller error in the context of non-essential conversation. Avro 748 Srs 1 : Initial 44 passenger production version with two 1600 shp Rolls-Royce R.Da.6 Dart Mk 514 engines. However, according to aviation author Donald Hannah, there was little incentive and few materials available for the construction of transport aircraft, it was impossible to predict when the war would end and, thus, when large-scale demand for civil aircraft would return. The design was derived from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber, several sections of the York and Lancaster being identical. [13] During the 1950s, numerous military contracts were issued to civilian York operators. The type formed the basis for the successful Avro Anson, although only two 652 were made. In the mid-1980s, Dan Air realised the impracticality of the restoration work being undertaken and began negotiations with the Duxford Aviation Society. Used for afterburner research and later development and certification of the Ghost 50 for the Comet 1 a. [5] Throughout 1944, the majority of Yorks produced were passenger transport aircraft, a batch of both pure freighters and combined passenger/freighter-configured Yorks were also manufactured. Summit Air Avro RJ85 Passenger Jet Take-Off from Gravel Runway Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck. Avro 685 York - transport, passenger, photo, technical data, development history. South African leader Jan Smuts also used a York as his personal transport. [1] The Type 685 paired various elements of the Lancaster, such as its wings, tail assembly and undercarriage and Rolls-Royce Merlin engines, with a new square-section fuselage that provided double the internal capacity of the Lancaster. This airframe was built at Yeadon, near Leeds, in January 1946 and entered RAF service with 242 Squadron as MW232 that August. [2][3] Flight trials of LV626 were quickly transferred to RAF Boscombe Down. [18] After disposal by BOAC and BSAAC, their York fleets were purchased by several UK independent airlines and operated on both passenger and freight flights; these service often included long-distance trooping flights to Jamaica and other UK garrisons. It was considered for installation in the successor aircraft, a Douglas C-54B but the contractor Armstrong Whitworth decided it was impractical and the project was shelved. The so-called ‘Jumbolino’ aircraft have been flown to Norwich Airport (IATA: NWI) in the United Kingdom for storage or scrapping. Loaded weight:68,000 lb (30,909 kg) 8. Stretched development of BAe-146-200 / RJ85. The York saw service in military and civilian roles with various operators between 1943 and 1964. The Avro York was a British transport aircraft developed by Avro during the Second World War.The design was derived from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber, several sections of the York and Lancaster being identical.Due to the importance of Lancaster production, York output proceeded at a slow pace until 1944, after which a higher priority was placed upon transport aircraft. The Avro Type 688 Tudor was a British piston-engined airliner based on Avro's four-engine Lincoln bomber, itself a descendant of the famous Lancaster heavy bomber, and was Britain's first pressurised airliner.Customers saw the aircraft as little more than a pressurised DC-4 Skymaster, and few orders were forthcoming, important customers preferring to buy US aircraft. Avro Vulcan. The main entrance door was set between the two cabins, along with cloakrooms and lavatory, and a kitchen and baggage hold was located at the rear of the cabin. Member of AVRO/AI(R) RJ family updated and re-engined types of BAe-146-300. Used for testing the Griffon installation for the, Used for testing the civil Merlin 600-series for use in the, This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 21:47. To expedite its development, the new aircraft retained the wing sections, tail unit and undercarriage of the original and had an all-new slab-sided fuselage added for improved internal volume. Data fromAvro Aircraft since 1908 1. [5], Initial assembly and testing of production Yorks, which were principally destined for service with the Royal Air Force (RAF) at that time, was performed at Ringway, reaching its peak in 1945; these activities later being transferred to facilities in Yeadon, Leeds and Woodford, Cheshire, where work was undertaken at a slower pace. Currently at the RAF Museum Cosford Collection is Avro 685 York C1, TS798 (cn 1223) which was initially intended for the RAF as TS798, but quickly passed to BOAC as G-AGNV and later to Skyways. Flight testing of the two prototypes quickly validated the type's short-field performance. The Avro York was a British transport aircraft developed by Avro during the Second World War. Several Lancastrians were allocated for engine test-bed work with turbojet engines replacing the outer Merlin engines or test piston engines in the inner nacelles. Made of aluminium alloy, the enclosure had eight perspex windows to reduce claustrophobia. [8], In a typical passenger configuration, the York could accommodate a 21-seat three-abreast arrangement split between the fore and aft cabins. [1], The prototypes were used to test various adaptions and potential roles for the aircraft. Range was increased by two 400 gal (1,818 L) Lancaster long-range fuel tanks fitted as standard in the bomb bay. In May 1986, the aircraft was dismantled and on 23 May made its journey to Duxford on seven low-loaders. 1958. Designated the Avro 689 (also Avro XXI), the Tudor II was designed as a 60-seat passenger aircraft for BOAC, with the fuselage lengthened to 105 ft 7 in (32.18 m) compared to the Tudor I's 79 ft 6 in (24.23 m) and the fuselage increased by 1 ft (0.30 m) to 11 ft (3.4 m) … The Dan Air preservation group took it over and began to restore the aircraft in their spare time. Max Take-Off Weight 97,000 lbs. It was ferried to Lasham Airfield and used as a bunk house by the local Air Scouts until 1974. [5], In the post-war years, BOAC expanded its use of the York considerably, such as on its Cairo to Durban service, which had previously been operated by Shorts flying boats. [17] Other airlines also adopted the type, such as its use by British South American Airways (BSAAC) on their routes to the Caribbean and South America, prior to their merger into BOAC in September 1949.[18]. Technical Data. In 1945, deliveries commenced of 30 British-built Lancastrians for BOAC. Developed from the Avro Lancaster, the first Lincoln variants were initially known as the Lancaster IV and V; these were renamed Lincoln I and II.It was the last piston-engined bomber operated by the Royal Air … The Avro York was a British transport aircraft that was derived from the Second World War Lancaster heavy bomber, and used in both military and civilian roles between 1943 and 1964. Member of AVRO/AI(R) RJ family updated and re-engined types of BAe-146-300. AVRO RJ100 Jota Aviation’s Avro RJ100 in 97 economy configuration is ideal for larger groups travelling together. Empty weight:36,457 lb (16,571 kg) 7. The biggest member of the family, the 146-300 based RJ100, first flew on May 13 1992. 29 December 1945: An RAF York crashed and was destroyed by fire near New Milton, Hampshire, England. Die Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow war ein Deltaflügel-Abfangjäger des kanadischen Herstellers Avro Aircraft (Canada). BAe 146-300 salon is equipped with good sound insulation, lighting and more non-straight shelves for hand luggage. It also served with the RAF; RAF Lancaster I serial number PD328, was converted to a Lancastrian and renamed Aries, as well as serving with Qantas and Flota Aérea Mercante Argentina. Roe and Company (Avro). On a demonstration flight on 23 April 1945, G-AGLF flew 13,500 mi (21,700 km) from England to Auckland, New Zealand in three days, 14 hours at an average speed of 220 mph (354 km/h). Ausgangspunkt war eine Entwurfsstudie aus dem Jahr 1953. The whereabouts of "Churchill's Egg" is not known.[21]. In 1946 a Lancastrian operated by BSAA was the first aircraft to make a scheduled flight from the then-newly opened London Heathrow Airport. Supersonic Interceptor Aircraft Prototype. All 31 on board were killed. 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