In Ephesians 3:2,7 and Ephesians 3:8, Paul stressed the grace, that is the divine favor, bestowed upon him by the Father through Christ. That is, none except the holy apostle himself who wrote the epistle. For this reason, I, … etc., etc. What Paul said here is not that the present revelation of the mystery is final and complete, but that the previous generations did not possess a revelation of it "as it hath now been revealed." Amplified: FOR THIS reason [because I preached that you are thus built up together], I, Paul, [am] the prisoner of Jesus the Christ for the sake and on behalf of you Gentiles— (Amplified Bible - Lockman) 20 Now to Him who is able to do exceedingly abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that works in us, . Ephesians 2:1-3 How we Were ’Before’ Salvation. It could be done (indeed was done, they say) "legitimately"! Ephesians 1:7-14 Redemption For The Believer in Christ. Wedel spoke of the confusion and uncertainty many feel with regard to such a thing as the "indwelling" Spirit of God thus: See extended remarks on this problem under Galatians 5:23, above. This thought of the origin of his imprisonment ended with Paul's being freed for a while. "Rooted" is an image from a tree; "grounded" (Greek, "founder," "having your foundations resting on"), from a building (compare Notes,, Colossians 1:23 , 2:7 ). To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient. Ephesians 2:14-18 We Are One Body in Christ. given--"which (gift of grace) was given to me by (Greek, 'according to,' as in Ephesians 3:20 , 1:19 : as the result of, and in proportion to) the effectual working (Greek, 'energy,' or 'in-working') of His power.". It was, therefore, a proverb from the first with Christians that they should constantly read the Scriptures (at first, the Old Testament, and in time all of the writings of the apostles and New Testament prophets as well). "Usually precious things are rare, their rarity increasing their value; but here that which is most precious is boundless? HIS APOSTOLIC OFFICE TO MAKE KNOWN THE MYSTERY OF CHRIST REVEALED BY THE SPIRIT: PRAYER THAT BY THE SAME SPIRIT THEY MAY COMPREHEND THE VAST LOVE OF CHRIST: DOXOLOGY ENDING THIS DIVISION OF THE EPISTLE. [6] George E. Harper, A New Testament Commentary, Ephesians (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1969), p. 464. More Ephesians commentaries. Ephesians 1:7-14 Redemption For The Believer in Christ. Bible Gateway Recommends. 5. in other ages--Greek, "generations." It was the capital of the *Roman region calledAsia. "[24] In fact, all through Paul's writings there prevails the impression that the saved in Christ are a part of infinite plans, all creation, even previous intelligent creations (as angels) being destined to share a common purpose with the redeemed when God shall sum up all things "in Christ." II. The writing of this epistle is beyond forgery, imitation, or counterfeiting. This view has one thing in common with those already cited - it may be wrong; but at least it makes as much sense as anything else at hand on the subject. Colossians 1:11 , "Strengthened with all might according to His glorious power." MacKnight translated this place "Seeing ye have heard ..."[7] Even Beare admitted that it means "Assuming that you have heard ..."[8] Many reputable scholars translate the "if' here as "since," or "inasmuch." [9] William Hendriksen, New Testament Commentary, Ephesians (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1967), p. 151ff. Feb 9 - Errors of the Invitation System or Alter Call . It follows that this commentary, like all commentaries, was written by an uninspired, fallible human. In Ephesians 3:9, as already noted, Paul gave the purpose of gospel preaching to be that of making "all men see." ... several families? The Church is part of the grand family, or kingdom, which comprehends, besides men, the higher spiritual world, where the archetype, to the realization of which redeemed man is now tending, is already realized. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: In chapter 2, Paul talked about the Gentile Christians in Ephesus. Ephesians 2:11-13 My Position in Christ As a Gentile. Read Introduction to Ephesians . If--The Greek does not imply doubt: "Assuming (what I know to be the fact, namely) that ye have heard," &c. "If, as I presume," The indicative in the Greek shows that no doubt is implied: "Seeing that doubtless," &c. He by this phrase delicately reminds them of their having heard from himself, and probably from others subsequently, the fact. They had been “dead in transgressions and sins,” (2:1), but God in his mercy “made (them) alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up with him, and made us to sit with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus” (2:5-6). Hence, we may see His right to keep the mystery of world-wide salvation in Christ "hidden in Himself," till his own good time for revealing it. The fact of the gospel's promulgation upon earth being, in some manner, for the purpose of "making known" to "principalities and powers in the heavenly places" God's manifold wisdom has not been satisfactorily explained; at least, this student of the Scriptures has not seen any satisfactory explanation of it. The *apostle Paul wrote this letter when he wasin a prison in Rome. 1:3-14 *Praise for all the *blessings of God . In behalf of you Gentiles ... Beare denied that this could be "a real mode of address" by Paul;[4] but such an opinion betrays ignorance of what Paul was saying. As subsidiary to this, and the most essential part of it, he adds, "and to know the love of Christ" ( Ephesians 3:19 ). Discussion QuestionsVerse one starts with the phrase, “For this reason I, Paul…” What is the ending of this sentence? ... are the Jews a family? Whereof I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God which was given me according to the working of his power. by faith--Greek, "through faith," which opens the door of the heart to Jesus ( John 3:20 ). Not predicated of unbelievers, whose inward and outward man alike are carnal. It is important to keep this in mind in the study of the next verse. 3 For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles— 2 Surely you have heard about the administration of God’s grace that was given to me for you, 3 that is, the mystery made known to me by revelation, as I have already written briefly. (12) This verse returns to the idea of Ephesians 2:18, as though St. Paul, after the wide sweep of thought far beyond the earth in Ephesians 3:10-11, desired, as usual, to bring his readers back to the practical and personal aspects of their Christianity. "All" (compare Colossians 1:28 ). Ephesians 3:14-21 Paul's Prayer For Personal Experience Of Jesus For The Ephesians Ephesians 4:1-10 Paul Exhorts The Ephesians To Be Christ-like And To Be In Unity In The Spirit Ephesians 4:11-16 The Intended Plan Of God To Use Offices And Gifts In The Church Ephesians 4:3, KJV: "Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace." It was friendship for Trophimus, a Gentile, which resulted in the false charges against him in the temple, that first brought him into the power of the Roman government. EXEGETICAL STUDY OF EPHESIANS 3:14-21 by Mykola Leliovskyi Submitted to Dr. Myron C. Kauk in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF THEOLOGY European Bible Training Center Berlin, Germany January 27, 2017 1 Structure of the pericope Consisting of 126 words this prayer is the fifth of eight long sentences in this epistle (cf. Not merely two but a dozen complex and interlocking elements of the Great Mystery were revealed by the apostle Paul; and as for the quibbles about one element being stressed here, another there, such problems are as laughable as that of the six blind men describing the elephant. Listen to Pastor Robert Furrow as he continues his Commentary on Ephesians picking up today in chapter 3, verse 14. Surely, there is a love here that approaches that of the dear Saviour himself. See Paul's practice ( Acts 20:36 ); and that of the Lord Himself on earth ( Luke 22:41 ). Ephesians 3. Jan 21 - Is God Anti-Gay? Ephesians 3, Chuck Smith Bible Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is written by one of the most influential men of the modern Christianity movement. ELLICOTT explains it, "the arrangement," or "regulation" of the mystery (the union of Jews and Gentiles in Christ) which was now to be humbly traced and acknowledged in the fact of its having secretly existed in the counsel of God, and now having been revealed to the heavenly powers by means of the Church. 8. am--Not merely was I in times past, but I still am the least worthy of so high an office (compare 1 Timothy 1:15 , end). Both Matthew and Mark gave that quotation, because, in all likelihood, the admonition to Christians was constantly reiterated from the very first, requiring them to read, study and search the Scriptures daily, etc. It is proper always to end prayers with praises. The Jews often stood to pray (Matthew 6:5; Luke 18:11-13); but kneeling for prayer is often indicated in the New Testament, although it was not unknown at all in the Old Testament. That he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, that ye may be strengthened with power through his Spirit in the inward man. Translate, "our boldness and our access ( Ephesians 2:18 ) in confidence through our faith in Him." Ephesians 4:3 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 4:3, NIV: "Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace." Which for ages hath been hid in God ... God's plan of human redemption existed always in the purpose of God, the fact of its being hidden indicating that there were beings who might indeed have understood it if God had chosen to reveal it. Where the Spirit is there Christ is ( John 14:16 John 14:18 ). "[31] He also cited examples of instances in Matthew 2:3; Luke 4:13; Acts 2:36,7:22, and Ephesians 2:21 where the absence of the article (as here) denoted the totality of a thing. The manifold wisdom of God ... Hendriksen pointed out that the word here rendered "manifold" actually means "multicolored, or much variegated," translating the phrase, "the iridescent wisdom of God. "[11] Of course, that is exactly what they are. Ephesians 3:15. We shall take a look at some of the teachings people have allegedly found in this verse: John Locke: The governments and powers in the heavenly places are the Jewish religious leaders. It is hard to make a judgment regarding the greater immorality, whether it pertains to the alleged deceiver the critics would make the author of Ephesians, or to the critics themselves who are morally capable of alleging such nonsense as the justification of such a sin. [43] See discussion of "Perfection of Christians" under Ephesians 1:4. . The office is the prominent thought in the latter arrangement; the person, in the former. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 2 You heard about the stewardship of God’s grace given to me for you, 3 and how by revelation the mystery was made known to me. Yet, it was absolutely necessary that Paul emphasize the world-shaking importance of that truth. Revelation 10:7 states that the mystery of God will be finished, or "is finished" in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound; and it will hardly be denied by any that this means it is not finished now! "Less than the least" is similar to "more than the most" or "higher than the highest," etc. The reason for injecting this word about the creation would appear to be "to indicate the relation of the matter in hand to the mightiest works of God. In the Greek text, all of verses 3-14 form a single sentence, with clause after clause describing … Continue reading "Commentary on Ephesians 1:3-14" 7. He was not concerned about Paul, but about them! The falsehood inherent in the theory of pseudonymous authorship of Ephesians shines in a passage like this, like the nakedness of the king in the fable (of the invisible clothes). The best Ephesians commentaries are listed below. [17] Alfred Martin, Wycliffe Bible Commentary, New Testament (Chicago: Moody Press, 1971), p. 736. But, in this connection, what about that forger who wrote Ephesians, the one mentioned by Beare, who so loved and honored Paul, etc., etc.? The most obvious and ridiculous error supposed to support the so-called Markan theory is that of making Jesus' quotation from Daniel a parenthesis injected by Matthew or Mark, with the accompanying conclusion that one or another of the sacred evangelists copied the other! 3 sermon iii.—ephesians i. cit., p. 158. Ephesians 2:11-13 My Position in Christ As a Gentile. Thus Paul prays that Christians will be able to fully comprehend the breadth, length, height, and depth, and by doing so will come to know the love of Christ. Ephesians 3:18 reads, “I pray that you may have the power to comprehend, with all the saints, what is the breadth and length and height and depth.” One might rightly ask here, “Breadth, length, height, and depth of what?” In fact, this blessing provides the structure for the entirety of the passage. 16. according to--that is in abundance consonant to the riches of His glory; not "according to" the narrowness of our hearts. This has the meaning of "that is to say," or "namely." 3 sermon v.—ephesians i. We may observe that he acquaints them with the tribulations and sufferings which he endured in the discharge of that office, v. 1. Ephesians 2:19-22 Fellowship Needs to Be a Priority. "In the church" and "in Christ Jesus" designate the same theater of operations. That leaves only one step to prepare one for this ultimate goal of life. I prefer to understand "the breadth," &c., to refer to the whole of the vast mystery of free salvation in Christ for all, Gentile and Jew alike, of which Paul had been speaking ( Ephesians 3:3-9 ), and of which he now prays they may have a fuller comprehension. [26], A. T. Robertson understood the reference as to "evil powers or fallen angels, exclusively.[27]. [7] James Macknight, Apostolical Epistles with Commentary, Ephesians (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1969), p. 286. In addition to Paul's defense of the right of "the Gentiles" to be received "into Christ," that defense having precipitated his first arrest and imprisonment, it was predominantly Paul's religious views on this very question which were the grounds of all of the persecutions that confronted him, both Jewish and Roman. By sin men were estranged, not only from God, but from that higher spiritual world in which the kingdom of God is already realized. We may observe it to have been very much the practice of this apostle to intermix, with his instructions and counsels, intercessions and prayers to God for those … 20. unto him--contrasted with ourselves and our needs. As Bruce said, "No disciple of Paul's would have dreamed of giving the apostle so low a place";[20] furthermore, it is obvious to any thoughtful person that "no Christian who ever lived" would have given Paul so low a place! Resources Commentaries. Eternity is conceived as consisting of "ages" (these again consisting of "generations") endlessly succeeding one another. Some say that Ephesians reads like a commentary on the Pauline letters and probably it has been best termed the crown of Paulinism. In whom we have ( our) boldness and ( our) access with confidence. The Greek New Testament says no such thing. The use of "you" with Gentiles was not for the purpose of addressing the whole Gentile creation, but for the purpose of limiting the meaning of "in behalf of," restricting it primarily to his Gentile converts. (2) It shows that their conception of morality is compatible with such fraud. There is no generation, however far in the future, which can be exempt from the imperative here. 18. It is not enough that He be on the tongue, or flit through the brain: the heart is His proper seat [CALVIN]. Ephesians 3 - Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible . Ephesians 3:14-21 Prayer For God’s Power And Love. Essentially, Christ himself is the mystery, a thumbnail biography of Christ actually being called the mystery in 1 Timothy 3:16, the six several items of that biography being various elements of the mystery. May be strong to apprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth. The former was vouchsafed only to the prophets, in order that they might make known the truth so revealed to men in general. This list of commentaries is intended to help the reader understand and apply Paul’s message in the book of Ephesians. In this marvelous doxology, Paul did not leave the church out. (3) It raises the question of how much "legitimate fraud" the critics themselves have perpetrated in their devious efforts to cast reflection and discredit upon the New Testament. Ephesians 2:14-18 We Are One Body in Christ. Eph 3:1-7. Certainly the whole subject of the impact of the gospel of Christ upon creations above and beyond our own human creation, of which so little is known, and concerning which God has not given us very much information, lies totally beyond the exploration projected for this series of commentaries. cit., p. 158. He thought of himself as suffering and being imprisoned for the sake of Christ. In ancient Greek (the language Paul originally wrote in), Ephesians 1:3 through 1:14 form one long sentence. This was from the choice of them in Christ, before the foundation of the world, that they should be made holy by separation from sin, being set apart to God, and sanctified by the Holy Spirit, in consequence of their election in Christ. Compare Ephesians 1:4 , Romans 16:25 , 1 Corinthians 2:7 . He here marks the Messiahship of "Christ," maintained by him as the origin of his being a "prisoner," owing to the jealousy of the Jews being roused at his preaching it to the Gentiles. Great as the power of God in human life assuredly is, it works in those who are "in Christ," being particularly their endowment. Stephen at his martyrdom (Acts 7:60), Peter when he raised Dorcas (Acts 9:40), Paul on farewell occasions (Acts 20:36; 21:5), and our Lord himself in Gethsemane (Luke 22:41) knelt in prayer. If people do not believe God's word, let them say so; but may they also have the courage to spare us who believe it the kind of result to human intelligence inherent in a proposition like that quoted above. the mystery of Christ--The "mystery" is Christ Himself, once hidden, but now revealed ( Colossians 1:27 ). The paradox "to know . A. Hort who believed that it means, "in a semi-technical sense, the reading of the Holy Scriptures. [21] W. G. Blaikie, The Pulpit Commentary, Vol. "God does not owe it to anyone to explain why for a long time the mystery was concealed. filled with--rather, as Greek, "filled even unto all the fulness of God" (this is the grand goal), that is, filled, each according to your capacity, with the divine wisdom, knowledge, and love; "even as God is full," and as Christ who dwells in your hearts, hath "all the fulness of the Godhead dwelling in Him bodily" ( Colossians 2:9 ). In the Greek text, all of verses 3-14 form a single sentence, with clause after clause describing the ways in which God has blessed us and the implications of these blessings for … X. Biblical Commentary Ephesians 3:1-12. Ephesians 3, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work Proud member Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Ephesians 1:3-14 EXEGESIS: BACKGROUND: While this book begins, “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, to the saints who are at Ephesus, and the faithful in Christ Jesus” (1:1), scholars today are divided regarding … Ephesians 2:1-3 How we Were ’Before’ Salvation. Over the main portal of the Central Church of Christ in Houston were engraved these words: This is perpetually God's will. "How many families? I. Taylor, Wesley, MacKnight and many others, along with the KJV, testify to the correct translation as "faith of him," despite the fact that some who admit the true rendition still manage to deny the meaning of it! Ephesians 1:15-23 Prayer For Knowledge And Power. 19. passeth--surpasseth, exceeds. ALFORD quotes as an instance, Romans 8:38 , &c. "THE access" (Greek) implies the formal introduction into the presence of a monarch. Still the foundation of all sonship is in Jesus Christ. Some radical and irresponsible critics of the New Testament affirm that these words were forged to this epistle by some later author who passed it off as having been written by Paul; but no believer in Christ could possibly have been guilty of such fraud and deception. the dispensation--"The office of dispensing, as a steward, the grace of God which was (not 'is') given me to you-ward," namely, to dispense to you. 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