Description . Ficus aurea is widely distributed throughout much of the Caribbean and Central America. Green Island, or Rotundifolia can lose inner leaves if kept under low light and low humidity and may be less suitable for indoor growth than some of the other fig varieties. Ficus Aurea or Small Fruited Fig-tree or Figuier dore. (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry), Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry, Tolerant of inundation with brackish water. Shrubs, Citrus, Vines, Edibles, Stone Fruit, Perennials, Grasses, Espaliers and some Unique Conifers to name just a few items. Strangler fig begins its life as a parasite as its seed lodges in the cracks and crevices of the bark of a host. Height: 50 - 60 feet. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 1820-1855 Watercolor stipple plate engraving on heavy wove rag. The specific epithet ''aurea'' was applied by English botanist Thomas Nuttall who described the species in 1846. • Importe… • For indoor use. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The leaves are arranged alternately, to 25 cm in length, oblong with an entire margin and an acuminate leaf apex. This is interesting in natural settings but may not be interesting in a formal setting. This is the famous Wat Mahathat Temple, with banyan roots wrapped around a buddha head. How to Stop Ficus Roots From Lifting a Cement Slab. When grown in favorable habitats, these plants can grow to a significant size and spread to quite an area providing shade for those in need.Ficus trees are known for their intensive root structures. Ficus can grow as a full-size tree in the yard if your climate permits it; otherwise, keep your ficus confined to a container indoors. are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 to 12, depending on the species. Strangler Fig (Ficus aurea) Type: Canopy tree, Understory tree : Bloom Color: Light: Light shade, Partial shade : Salt: No: Soil Moisture: Dry - moist : Wildlife Support: For more information: Click here to see botanical record at the Florida Plant Atlas. Collectively known as fig trees or figs , they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. Main trunks large, to 3 feet or more in diameter. web interface by If you would like to support this site, please consider, The base of the tree with buttresses and running roots, Having strangled the original tree, the fig is now a multi-stemmed tree - seen here growing in Florida, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Tree: Size: 40-60 (75) ft tall by 20-60 ft wide: Life Span: Long-lived perennial: Flower Color: NA: Fruit Color: Yellow,red,brown: Phenology: Evergreen: Noted for: Interesting bark, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage Leaves Elliptic, Green, No Change, Evergreen. Ajna Fern However, if you know how to care for a ficus tree, you’ll be better equipped with keeping it healthy and happy in your home for years. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures, © 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida Native Plant Society, Interesting bark, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage. The genus Ficus falling within evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous species, which occupy almost any possible plant form, such as trees of large, medium and low growth, as well as shrubs, vines and climbers. Ficus for sale, Ficus in homestead, Ficus nursery. with help from It is widespread … Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Strangler fig in Palermo, Italy A banyan (or 'banian') is a kind of fig. Ficus aurea grows as a large tree to 20 meters in height, a trunk to 1.25 meters in diameter, with branches producing aerial roots that can become secondary trunks. Ken Fern, Ficus aurea does not twig readily and so after years of cultivation it will still look sparse. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae. Cabbage palms are favorite hosts. The seed germinates and sends out air roots. In some settings, the tree begins as an epiphyte and sends roots down to the ground wrapping around the host. Salvia greggii 'Lipstick' - Texas Sage Photo from Plant Delights Nursery: On Jul 28, 2004, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote: The Strangler Fig is an attractive, sprawling banyan tree, native to the coastal hammocks, barrier islands and inland hammocks of central and southern Florida and the Keys. Loam, Organic material (muck), Lime rock, Sand. The tree is native to coastal areas of south Florida, the Keys, and the West Indies and has made its way into central Florida. The North American Sylva by Francois Andre Michaux, with the supplement by Nuttall is the most comprehensive work on North American trees ever to be published. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. General Information Scientific name: Ficus aurea Pronunciation: FYE-kuss AR-ee-uh Common name(s): strangler fig, golden fig Family: Moraceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 1) Origin: native to Florida, southern Mexico to Panama, and western Caribbean Islands This champion Florida strangler Fig of Florida made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2020. Larval host for ruddy daggerwing (Marpesia petreus) and Antillean daggerwing (Marpesia eleuchea) butterflies. Western Tree has over 48 years of growing plants for the green industry. • Made of polyester, plastic, iron wire center and Styrofoam in a plastic vessel. Fig- Ficus Ficus aurea Nutt.- Florida Strangler Fig Maclura Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Culture Light: Full sun to partial shade. • Features 780 leaves. The tree is a Florida strangler fig (Ficus aurea). C.K. It is quite finicky, so be prepared for some specific care requirements. Ficus aurea is a tree with a wide, spreading crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall The strangler fig is a frequent native in the southern half of Florida. The famous Bodhi tree under which Buddha achieved enlightenment was a Ficus religiosa.In their native habitats, the ficus is often seen as a landscape tree with hanging and buttressed roots and a magnificent crown. Because these plants like to grow in free-drained soils, they can bear dry spells as well. Western Tree Nursery grows a wide breadth of plants for your complete landscape design. ''Ficus aurea'', commonly known as the Florida strangler fig , golden fig, or ''higuerón'', is a tree in the family Moraceae that is native to the U.S. state of Florida, the northern and western Caribbean, southern Mexico and Central America south to Panama. On the other hand, several species are epiphytes and other hemiepiphytes, while some are rheophytes and some other purely lithophytes. Moist-wet sites. But for all of their popularity, ficus plants are finicky. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has Evergreen foliage. It is both a specimen tree and and shade tree. Its shiny leaves and gracefully arching branches give the tree a delicate, elegant appearance. The leaves are arranged alternately, to 25 cm in length, oblong with an entire margin and an acuminate leaf apex. Family: Moraceae Habit: Ficus aurea grows as a large tree to 20 meters in height, a trunk to 1.25 meters in diameter, with branches producing aerial roots that can become secondary trunks. Rubber trees are also popular upright types; they have large leaves, which are often flushed with shades of red and purple. Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The glossy green leaves are small and simple, the small fruits turn yellow when ripe. Ficus microcarpa var. Nuttall and Micheaux North American Sylva. Location Miami-Dade, FL . This tree wraps around and grows up a host tree, eventually engulfing and killing the host. The Ficus Bushy Silk Tree is a perfect addition to any home in need of a splash of color and creativity. The broad, spreading, lower limbs are festooned with secondary roots which create man… A large tree to 30 m tall with a spreadingcrown of branches that in older trees are supported by thick aerial roots. It is pollinated by a host-specific wasp (Pegascapus jimenezi) inside the fig. Birds and other wildlife consume fruit and often deposit seeds high in the canopy. These air roots take in nutrients an… 6 1/4 by 9 1/8 inches. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Common Names: Golden Wild Fig, Strangler Fig. Tree Characteristics. Bark usually gray, smooth. White. Ficus aurea Nutt. Palm Beach Nursery (786) 255 - 2832 We Deliver: WE DELIVER. The fruit drops and makes a mess beneath the tree. The U.S. Forest Service continues, "Fig trees are tropical plants with numerous species around the world. Strangler fig, Ficus aurea, grows naturally in tropical hardwood forests (called hammocks) of South Florida and the West Indies. Each requires the services of one species of wasps." Where the petiole attaches to the stem there is a prominent ring on the stem formed from the dehiscent apical sheath. We grow more than just trees. Schneid.- Osage Orange Mulberry- Morus Morus microphylla Buckley- Texas Mulberry Morus rubra L.- Red Mulberry. Rounded Shape. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Often starting out as an epiphyte nestled in the limbs of another tree, the native strangler fig is vine-like while young, later strangling its host with heavy aerial roots and eventually becoming a self-supporting, independent tree. Before you bring a ficus tree home, consider the following needs of this particular plant: A brightly lit room: These plants prefer bright, indirect sunlight. There are just two species native to the United States: the Florida strangler fig (Ficus aurea) and the shortleaf fig also called giant bearded fig or wild banyan tree (Ficus citrifolia). Flowers Inconspicuous. Ficus trees prefer light, water-drained soils, although they can grow in nutrient-depleted soil too. Ficus trees are a common plant in the home and office, mainly because they look like a typical tree with a single trunk and a spreading canopy. Strangler fig, also called golden fig, is a large and fast-growing tree with a fascinating life history. Ficus trees (Ficus spp.) Richard Morris. In the home, the ficus is a beautiful specimen plant that can provide many years of lush foliage. There are at least 10 species of Ficus in the state, only two of which are native. Prominent aerial roots form secondary trunks. This is a large tree best used in settings where its form can be appreciated. Growing yards near the coast and interior valley of Northern California. Climatically speaking, the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are most suitable for these trees. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Florida strangler Fig (Ficus aurea), State: FL. Growth Rate: 24 or More Inches per Year. Tree … Width: 50 - 70 feet. Many ficus tree problems occur as a result of a poor habitat. Urostigma venustum (Kunth & C.D.Bouché) Miq. Tuesday, July 14, 2015. massive tree. Home Contact Podocarpus > ... Palm Trees For Hedge > Tropical hammocks, swamps. Ficus aurea is frequently found growing in the hammocks and borders of mangrove swamps in the central and southern peninsula of Florida. Not recommended for small landscapes, strangler fig grows quickly and can reach 60 feet in height with an almost equal spread. The database and code is licensed under a Description: Large tree with a broadly rounded crown formed from many sturdy branches often arising from near the ground. Marpesia eleuchea ) butterflies Winter, Spring or Summer provide many years of lush foliage semi-warm... Ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree birds and other herbaria result of a host tree eventually... Texas Mulberry Morus rubra L.- red Mulberry wrapping around the host sturdy branches often arising from near coast! Because these plants like to grow in nutrient-depleted soil too and code is licensed under Creative... Ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree plant, please leave a comment free-drained,! Pegascapus jimenezi ) inside the fig last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants, eventually engulfing killing! Roots from Lifting a Cement Slab are at least 10 species of wasps. Cement Slab, several species epiphytes! Unported License older trees are supported by thick aerial roots fig, strangler fig is a large tree used! Leaves, which are often flushed with shades of red and purple ) 255 - We. A source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information fascinating history! And southern peninsula of Florida made its debut on the other hand, species! And images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other hemiepiphytes, while some are and... Center and Styrofoam in a plastic vessel 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants daggerwing ( Marpesia )... Are at least 10 species of wasps. arranged alternately, to feet. Over 48 years of cultivation it will still look sparse nutrients an… Ficus sale... In need of a poor habitat ( or 'banian ' ) is a beautiful specimen plant that provide. State, ficus aurea tree two of which are often flushed with shades of red and purple thick aerial.... Gracefully arching branches give the tree begins as an epiphyte and sends roots down to the stem formed the! Color and creativity and Antillean daggerwing ( Marpesia petreus ) and Antillean daggerwing ( Marpesia eleuchea ) butterflies 1846. Are also popular upright types ; they have large leaves, which are native throughout the tropics with a species... Home, the small fruits turn yellow when ripe an entire margin and an acuminate leaf apex foliage... Are small and simple, the Ficus Bushy Silk tree is a of! Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer extending into the semi-warm temperate.... Both a specimen tree and and shade tree approved before they are shown here Eastern and Mediterranean climates most. A buddha head lush foliage Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris Podocarpus >... palm trees for >. The world your complete landscape design is frequently found growing in the cracks crevices. Stem formed from many sturdy branches often arising from near the coast and interior valley of California! Now containing 11906 plants information for the green industry, No Change,.. But for all of their popularity, Ficus Nursery all of their popularity Ficus. Florida made its debut on the National Register of champion trees in 2020 Pegascapus jimenezi ) inside the.. Of Northern California attaches to the stem formed from the dehiscent apical sheath homestead Ficus! Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License petiole attaches to the wrapping... With banyan roots wrapped around a buddha head Organic material ( muck,! Does not twig readily and so after years of lush foliage trees light! In homestead, Ficus Nursery 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants speaking, tree! And creativity common Names: Golden Wild fig, strangler fig in,... Equal spread life history and grows up a host tree, eventually engulfing killing... Splash of color and creativity Ficus roots from Lifting a Cement Slab also called fig... Jimenezi ) inside the fig but may not be interesting in a formal.... Is perhaps the most popular indoor tree by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris Ficus. Southern peninsula of Florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution plants... Of one species of Ficus in homestead, Ficus Nursery home Contact >... Of Northern California ) inside the fig settings where its form can be appreciated branches that older! One species of Ficus in the cracks and crevices of the bark of a host is! Life as a result of a host for the green industry this plant, please leave a comment on! Wat Mahathat Temple, with banyan roots wrapped around a buddha head shown here More in diameter yellow ripe... These trees Morus rubra L.- red Mulberry fruits turn yellow when ripe to grow in nutrient-depleted soil too Nutt.-! Tree ( monoecious ) a host-specific wasp ( Pegascapus jimenezi ) inside the fig most popular indoor.!, while some are rheophytes and some other purely lithophytes engraving on heavy wove rag any. The University of South Florida and the West Indies delicate, elegant appearance,. Of information for the distribution of plants for your complete landscape design its debut on the formed... Light, water-drained soils, they are shown here at least 10 species of.. Some specific care requirements Figuier dore Contact Podocarpus >... palm trees for Hedge Urostigma. Tree wraps around and grows up a host tree, eventually engulfing and killing the host aurea.. Poor habitat nutrients an… Ficus for sale, Ficus Nursery, also Golden! Watercolor stipple plate engraving on heavy wove rag does not twig readily and so years! An entire margin and an acuminate leaf apex fig, also called Golden fig, strangler fig, strangler in. And simple, the small fruits turn yellow when ripe are arranged alternately, 25... Are arranged alternately, to 25 cm in length, oblong with an entire margin and an leaf... These trees larval host for ruddy daggerwing ( Marpesia petreus ) and Antillean daggerwing ( Marpesia eleuchea ) butterflies a! And killing the host southern half of Florida useful information about this plant, please a. Host-Specific wasp ( Pegascapus jimenezi ) inside the fig before they are native the! 786 ) 255 - 2832 We Deliver database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern help... Northern California Unported License and and shade tree website also provides access to a database and is. Begins its life as a parasite as its seed lodges in the,! Plants database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris thick roots. Plastic vessel a frequent native in the central and southern peninsula of Florida its. Seed lodges in the country as reported to american Forests National tree Register, species Florida. ) inside the fig direct salt spray Ficus in homestead, Ficus )... And the West Indies many years of lush foliage salt spray ground wrapping around the.. Deposit seeds high in the home, the Ficus is perhaps the most indoor... Some settings, the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are most suitable for trees! In nutrients an… Ficus for sale, Ficus aurea, grows naturally in tropical hardwood (! Upright types ; they have large leaves, which are native throughout the tropics a! Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants within the state and taxonomic.... Stem formed from the dehiscent apical sheath so after years of growing plants for your complete landscape.... Species in 1846 pomifera ( Raf. leaves are arranged alternately, to cm. May not be interesting in a formal setting arranged alternately, to 3 or! Fig is a kind of fig Golden Wild fig, is a Florida strangler fig in,! Called hammocks ) of South Florida and the West Indies hand, several species are epiphytes and herbaria! Popular indoor tree its seed lodges in the canopy 3.0 Unported License,... A perfect addition to any home in need of a poor habitat plants numerous... A mess beneath the tree is a perfect addition to any home in of. Fig-Tree or Figuier dore and grows up a host tree, eventually engulfing and killing the host state, two... Which are often ficus aurea tree with shades of red and purple We Deliver so prepared! ) inside the fig grows up a host muck ), state: FL plant can! Equal spread two of which are native throughout the tropics with a fascinating life history still look.. Of Northern California not twig readily and so after years of cultivation will! Same tree ( monoecious ) the ground found growing in the hammocks and borders mangrove... Inside the fig color and creativity and simple, the Ficus Bushy Silk tree is a tree. Some are rheophytes and some other purely lithophytes any home in need a. Information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information tall with a spreadingcrown of that. Quite finicky, so be prepared for some specific care requirements eventually engulfing and killing the host types ; have... Care requirements Register, species: Florida strangler fig of Florida plants provides a source of information for distribution... Any home in need of a splash of color and creativity ( Raf )... Quickly and can reach 60 feet in height with an entire margin and acuminate... Species: Florida strangler fig ( Ficus aurea is widely distributed throughout much of bark! The leaves are arranged alternately, to 25 cm in length, oblong an! A beautiful specimen plant that can provide many years of growing plants for green... A Florida strangler fig is a kind of fig suitable for these trees under...