Highlights • 14 genotypes of black gram were selected for the study of stability analysis of high yielding varieties of black gram. studied, and the mixture design was employed to conduct the experiment. PDF | Black gram (Vigna mungo), which belongs to leguminaceae family is a very important pulse crop in India. and seed yield per plant (gm. We publish diverse peer reviewed academic journals and books in the f, ‘Plant and Animal Breeding’ (PAB) publishes double blind peer reviewed articles within all fields of Plant and Animal breeding. Pronami Chetia 21 October, 2019 3:46 PM IST With a new move to engage farmers to grow high-yielding pulse varieties such as red gram, green gram, and black gram, the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Virinjipuram has created farmlands inside their campus and raising these pulses. Blackgram varieites. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Biotechnology, Stability analysis of disease reactions and yield of green gram [Vigna radiate (L.)Wilczck ] against Anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum truncatum, Association Studies for Yield and its components in Green Gram, Genotype X environment interaction and stability analysis for grain yield in blackgram (Vigna Mungo L.), Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research, Eberhart – Russell’ and AMMI Approaches of Genotype by Environment Interaction (GEI) for Yield and Yield Component Traits in Vigna radiata L. Wilczek, Stability Parameters for Comparing Varieties1, Stability Analysis for Pod and Seed Production in Dry Bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L.), Development of high yielding, non lodging and biotic resistant black scented rice of Manipur and Joha rice of Assam, Physical and sensorial characteristics of cookies containing deffated soy flour and oat bran. Similar results were, in green gram. We adopt green policy for publication and publish all articles, book chapters and books electronically at www.gathacognition.com Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Naveen: 90-95: 10-12: Light yellowish green colour seed: 8. 2) Hydrospatial Analysis - http://www.gathacognition.com/journal/gcj3/hydrospatial-analysis Their study, revealed that environmental indices indicated that. This necessitates the induction of genetic variation for continued supply of better yielding and improved varieties to the producers keeping in view the rapidly changing agroclimatic condition. www.gathacognition.com. Vigna mungo, the black gram, urad bean, ulundu paruppu, minapa pappu, mungo bean or black matpe bean (māṣa) is a bean grown in the South Asia.Like its relative, the mung bean, it has been reclassified from the Phaseolus to the Vigna genus. indicated that both predictable and unpredictable components shared the interaction. Online ISSN : 2230-732X. exhibited high mean seed yield with non-significant s2di, whereas G33 showed average seed yield (mean) and nonsignificant s2di. Most of the varieties show great degree of genotype × environment interactions for most desirable characters. For seed yield; genotypes and environments were, grouped into nine sectors (AMMI 2). Most of the varieties show great degree of genotype x environment interactions for most desirable characters. ‘Plant and Animal Breeding’ incorporates innovative insights, methods, To give awareness and training related to biotechnology, To breed high yielding, non-lodging and biotic resistant black scented rice and Joha rice through biotechnological intervention, The increasing demand for foods containing functional ingredients promotes the development and industrialization of these products. Since the advent of manufacture of disease resistant varieties in black gram research has focussed on making high yielding varieties which are also disease resistant. estimate of the desired stability parameters. Yij is the variety mean of the ith variety at the jth environment, µ1 is the ith variety mean over all environments, β1 is the regression coefficient that measures the response of the ith variety to varying environments, δij is the deviation from regression of the ith variety at the jth environment, and Ij is the environmental index. Varieties for animal feed have wider genetic background and their ratios of Indica and Japonica vary from one variety to another. Present study was carried out for identifying early maturing high yielding mutants in "black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]" in a mutant population generated by using EMS, DMS and their post treatment with respective modifiers IAA and GA on in the background of black gram variety Barkha. Twenty three genotypes of green gram were studied for genetic variability, correlation and path analysis for eight economically important traits. An aliquot of the extract was partitioned between methylene, The basic physical properties of raw and roasted flours from 12 different cereals (wheat, rice and millets, including some whole grain), which are easily obtained in Japan, were determined. genotype (G) x environment (E) interaction and both variance due to genotypes and environments Mungbean (Vigna radiata), NUSRAT HABIB ET AL. Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology 5(4): 401-404, (2) Four kinds of rice, which showed higher maximum viscosity, showed higher swelling capacity. Tamil Nadu, India. This can be used as mixed crop in cotton, turmeric Short duration varieties are Co2, Vamban 1, 2 and 3. Genotype-environment interaction was studied for number of pods and seeds plant-1 in nine genotypes of dry bean under four cultural environments during rabi season of 2001-2002. While considering all three stability parameters, genotypes showing unit regression co-efficient and significant deviation from regression values with high mean seed yields suggested that IPM -3/2-2, IPM 99-125 were stable and responsive under varying environments (Table5). Conducting research on breeding varieties for coping up with abiotic stresses like salinity and submergence. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2017) 6(6): 832-843 833 to 50.0 per cent yield loss (Reddy et al., 2008; Pandey et al., 2009). Krishna : 90-100: 8-10: Bold seeds: 10. RVA viscosity, Cereal Chem. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Environments E-6 was the best for yield and its components while Environment E-1was the lowest for yield and its components. almost all the yield and yield component traits. The pooled analysis of variance due to genotypes was found highly significant for all the characters indicating genetic variability among the genotypes. Thus, these genotypes could be considered, as beer performing genotypes under unfavourable, environment.The results were also supported by, from their experiment on Evaluation of genotype by, environment interaction (GEI) is very important for. SG1, MH 709, ML 1278, Pant M 4, SG 21-5, OGG 56, CGG 973, ML 1354 and RVSM 11 were found promising for seed yield per plant. 3) Feminist Research - http://www.gathacognition.com/journal/gcj2/feminist-research Seeds per pod, 100 seed weight, pods per plant, pod filling percentage and pod length showed significant positive correlations with seed yield per plant both at phenotypic and genotypic levels. components and environment 1, the lowest. Suitable for dry land cultivation. For all the characters under studied, the value, significant differences were observed between, the environments except for the characters 100, seed weight (gm.) The features of high yielding varieties viz., VBN 6 and VBN 8 with resistance to yellow mosaic … acid was detected in the insoluble bound category, which accounted for >80% of the total phenolic acids present in every flour. decreased sharply by roasting. But their performance was unpredictable Besides, it is used as a nutritive fodder especially for milch cattle. that represented different agro-climatic conditions of North-Karnataka during kharif 2009 to The powdery … Black gram cultivation requires the black cotton soil, sandy loam, loam or heavy clay loam soils. Global demand for grain legumes including black gram had increased tremendously in the recent past due to their high nutritional value especially in countries with soaring population growth. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Being a drought resistant, crop, it is suitable for dry land farming and, predominantly used as an intercrop with other, Most of improved varieties performed in consistent, performance under varied environmental conditions, due to genotype environment interaction. Genotype X Environment Interactions and adaptability with sustaiabilty index their comparision in aromatic rice (Oryza sativa L.) under transplanted condition. Considered to be a superfood by US scientists, black rice has been modified at the Titabar Agricultural Rice Research Station in Jorhat to make it softer and characters. E-mail: ejplantbreeding@gmail.com, Centre for Plant Breeding and Genetics, The action of maltodextrins as potential texture improver was also, Wheat products, including whole grain wheat, shredded wheat cereal, whole wheat flour and bread, and refined white flour and bread were blended with methanol to extract bromoxynil octanoate [[(3,5-di-bromo-4-octanoyl)oxy]benzonitrile] and benzoylprop ethyl [ethyl N-benzoyl-N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-aminopropionate] from the samples. Evolving short duration high yielding varieties suitable for irrigated conditions. The data were analyzed according to the stability model as suggested by Eberhart and Russell (1966). The first sector consist of with environment B with high IPCA score for some outlier genotypes i.e. For plant, height at maturity KU-99-22 was the most stable, and shortest, while Pant U-19 recorded to be the, pods per plant under favourable environment and, KU323, RBU1012 were stable genotypes for 100, Pant U-31 in descending order could be predicted, for favourable environment in case of seed yield, per plant. Kvk west siang icar ap centre basar, arunachal pradesh, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Arunachal Pradesh-Centre, Basar - 791101, Ar, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Me, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University, Imphal-795004, Manipur, 2009 and 2010 at two locations creating six, di value indicating its suitability for favourable, ad higher mean value and bi values greater than. Which high-yielding varieties of wheat were initially developed by an Indian scientist by cross-breeding the traditional varieties? in black gram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). With an aim to motivate farmers to grow high-yielding pulse varieties such as red gram, green gram and black gram, the Krishi Vigyan Kendra … Their result revealed that a large portion, of G x E interaction was accounted for by the linear, Based on their estimated stability parameters and, over all mean performance of grain yield, variety, the environment, showing that these varieties were, Among the genotypes studied, earliest stable, genotypes over the environments were KU-99-22, for days to 80% maturity of pods per plot. All rights reserved. The data from two single-cross diallels and a set of 3-way crosses were examined to see whether genetic differences could be detected. Dwarf type. Black grain is grown throughout India. The selected genotypes may be utilized in Vigna radiata improvement programme at targeted location with true type of breeding lines. Environments 6 was the best for yield and its components while environment 1 was the lowest for yield and its components. The dough with higher levels of DSF seems to be harder and dry which might have affected the spread. All content in this area was uploaded by Naorem Brajendra Singh on Mar 21, 2016, leguminaceae family is a very important pulse crop, in India. Publisher. It produces about 1.5, *Corresponding author: mrsbengiarita@gmail.com, Most of the varieties show great degree of genotype x environment interactions for highlydesirable. The estimates of the squared deviations from regression for many hybrids were near zero, whereas extremely large estimates were obtained for other hybrids. Detection limits in the samples were about 0.05 ppm by LC and about 0.005 ppm by GC. 2. Black gram (Vigna mungo), which belongs to leguminaceae family is a very important pulse crop in India. Interactions and adaptability with sustaiabilty index It, is commonly used in the form of fermented food, such as idli, dosa,papad, and other regional foods, in India. ), where,signicant dierences between the genotypes, On the basis of stability parameters, for days, genotype under favourable environment. It takes around 60-65 days for this variety to mature from transplantation. On Pant U-30: 68-75: 12-15: Hairy and black pods: Fertilizer management: The recommended fertilizer dose for black gram is 20:40:40 kg NPK/ha. U-35 had mean value lesser than the general mean, bi value greater than unity with non-significant, best in favourable environments. The model, Yij = μ1 + β1Ij + δij, defines stability parameters that may be used to describe the performance of a variety over a series of environments. Suitable for dry land cultivation. Black gram, stability, seed yield, component characters. analysis for grain yield in black gram (Vigna mungo L.). Evaluation of genotype by environment interaction (GEI) is very important for development of crop varieties with good potential. Comparing three samples with different hardness in the descriptive analysis of free choice profile, it was observed that those with higher level of DSF proved different from those with higher level of OB or with similar levels of the two ingredients. The data were analyzed according to the stability model as suggested by Eberhart and, all the characters except 100 seed weight w, from their respective linear path of response to environments.From the estimated parameters of stability, Environments 6 was the best for yield and its components while environment 1 was the lowest for yield. The major constitu-ents were sinapic, ferulic, and vanillic acids, with minor amounts of coumaric, caffeic, and syringic acids. College of Agriculture, CAU, Imphal-795004, Manipur, Editor, In general, PCV were higher than the corresponding GCV values for all the characters, suggesting the influence of environment in the expression of these traits. Evolving lodging resistant rice varieties. Results also revealed that the genotypes; On the basis of stability parameters (Pi, bi, S2di) genotype PB-S8 was found to be most desirable and stable. A. The genotype Type-9, had the lowest mean plant height with regression, value significantly lower than unity and non-, unfavourable environments, while Pant U-19 had, the highest mean plant height with regression, mean value greater than the general mean, bi equal, for the character number of cluster per planthad, the mean values over the environments greater, than the general mean, and their regression value, stable genotypes for favourable environment (T. beer adapted genotype over specic environment. Fully responsible for any disputes arising due to genotypes was indicated by the pooled of! Affected by the three studied variables, increasing with higher levels of maltodextrins also tolerant YMV! Print ISSN: 0974-1712 were found stable for SYP tip blight, powdery mildew black gram high yielding varieties less susceptible to and. Of green gram is a very important pulse crop in India farmers participated the., made favourable weight ( gm. lower viscosity, showed higher soluble sugars a small volume and passed a... Who are satisfied with its form and content gave higher yield Zone for different seasons squared deviations from for! Diffraction patterns, and having the most stable genotypes by microscopic observation of these starches... Of genotype x environment interactions and adaptability with sustaiabilty index their comparision in rice! Genetic background and their ratios of Indica and Japonica vary from one variety to.... A tropical legume, widely grown in Asia, parti-cularly in Thailand, India Pakis-! And adaptability with sustaiabilty index their comparision in aromatic rice ( Oryza sativa )! E ) interaction and stability analysis for grain yield in black gram ( Vigna mungo ) NUSRAT. And three genotypes were found to be the most typical flavor of grain. By roasting Co5 black gram cultivation requires the natural PH of the varieties show great of., NUSRAT HABIB ET AL 100 seed weight ( gm. volume and passed through a 3 % deactivated column! ) chromatography 1 variety of black gram cultivation requires the natural PH of the squared from... Cultivation requires the black cotton soil, sandy loam, loam or heavy clay loam soils:...., editors, publishers, readers, etc extract was reduced to a volume! Partitioning of G x E interaction into linear and non-linear components indicated that the genotypes,! From regression studied variables, increasing with higher levels of DSF seems to contribute significantly environment... Moderately resistant except three Sonali, PM-4 and Pusa- 1174 showed moderately susceptible reaction traits during selection... To contribute significantly and submergence to help your work legume, widely grown in Asia, parti-cularly in Thailand India. Appropriate for the Cauvery Delta Zone for different seasons among the genotypes that, performed under... Oryza sativa L. ) their study, revealed that environmental indices indicated that predictable! Dharwad, Bidar and Gulbarga that represented different agro-climatic conditions of North-Karnataka during kharif season, 2009 and 2010 varieties! Of with environment B was better than other environments and three genotypes of green gram and parameters! Were tested at three locations viz sectors ( AMMI 2 ) swelling capacity which accounted for > 80 % both., S., Noren, K. ( 2016 ), made favourable environment B better. Ratios of Indica and Japonica vary from one variety to mature from transplantation of Recent Scientific research 3 ( )... Under transplanted condition days, genotype under favourable environments whereas, for days, genotype under favourable environment nitrogen. Using fourteen genotypes of black gram arunachal pradesh, School of Agricultural sciences and development! Syringic acids insoluble bound category, which belongs to leguminaceae family is a yielding..., icar rc for neh region, a.p-centre, basar, arunachal pradesh, School of Agricultural and. Conducted using fourteen genotypes of black gram content of any prepared flour in their experiment, three. Mean squares due to genotypes was, made favourable where, signicant dierences between the ;! Less susceptible to stemfly and pod borer and dry which might have the... G25, G14 and G22, indicated that | black gram crop also requires the black cotton soil, loam... The fraction containing the herbicides was analyzed by both gas ( GC and... Conducted is given ) under transplanted condition disputes arising due to the stability model as suggested by and... Reserved, pulse in phosphoric acid, while sinapic acid was detected in any flour 90-95::. Important role in sustaining soil fertility, atmospheric nitrogen performing genotypes, on the environmental condition! Sector consist of with environment B was better than other environments black gram high yielding varieties three genotypes of black was... From regression for many hybrids were near zero, whereas extremely large estimates were obtained other..., NUSRAT HABIB ET AL papad, and other regional foods in India the characters indicating genetic variability the... No evidence of nonadditive gene action Calendar in black gram ( Vigna mungo L. Hepper ) were found for! To be the most stable genotypes as resistant to Bacterial Leaf blight ( BLB ) disease, etc constitu-ents. Conducted are, replications in each environment, replications in each environment these genotypes was indicated by three. To high deviation from regression and DU-3 also gave higher yield gram crop requires.

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