People from the Thule culture lived here until about 1800. Thus the climate of the inner end of Sognefjorden and its branches are not as wet as on the outer coastline. Large glaciers formed tongues which extend into portions of the land and create valleys by shaping the land over time, therefore creating undersea valleys which extend from the open sea into nearby land masses. Besides, being one of the longest fjords in the world, the Sognefjord is … The fjord spans some 205 kilometres (127 miles) and has a maximum width of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) at its widest point. Its length, from the offshore island of Outer Sula (Ytre Sula) in the North Sea to Skjolden, at the head of its longest branch, Lustra Fjord, is 128 miles (206 km). By Joseph Kiprop on November 26 2018 in Environment, The word "fjord" is Norwegian in origin and can be loosely translated to mean "to travel across" or "to ferry." [5] The name is related to Norwegian word súg- "to suck", presumably from the surge or suction of the tidal currents at the mouth of the fjord. Sognefjord has a maximum depth of 1,308 metres. [15][13] The fluvial and glacial erosion that made the fjords has followed structural weaknesses in the crust. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Geirangerfjord measures approximately 10 miles in length and 958 feet in depth. Hike on the Nigardsbreen Glacier, see the Stave Churches and take a Fjord Cruise on the Nærøyfjord. In fact, Norway features approximately 1,200 fjords within a stretch of about 16,400 miles of coastline. Sognefjord is also the third longest fjord in the world. Scoresby Sund (Greenland) is the longest fjord at 350 km. A fjord is a long, deep, narrow body of water that reaches far inland. Quesnel Lake is said to be the deepest fjord lake in the world. [12] The mouth of the fjord is surrounded by many islands including Sula, Losna, and Hiserøyna. The largest Fjord is found in Greenland, the Scoresby Sund, extending for 220 miles, while the deepest Fjord is found in Antarctica, the Skelton Inlet 6,342 ft deep. At one point the impressive fjord reaches depth of 1,308 m (4,291 ft) below the sea. The fjord is 204 kilometers long and 1308 meters deep. [14][15] An estimate of 7610 km3 of rock has been eroded from the Sognefjord drainage basin since the Paleic surface formed. The Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage. Sognefjord is situated on the western edge of Norway where it spans a length of approximately 127 miles. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsɔ̂ŋnəˌfjuːɳ], English: Sogn Fjord[1][2][3]), nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. [9] The average width of the main branch of the Sognefjord is less than 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). The longest and deepest fjord. (2014). Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side.. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. The fjord spans some 205 kilometres (127 miles) and has a maximum width of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) at its widest point. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden , nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. There is a plan to build a road across the Sognefjord, crossing through a submerged tube in mid-water anchored to floats. The deepest fjord in Norway is the Sognefjord as it drops 1,308 metres below sea level! This will avoid storms on the surface, and will not have to go over a kilometer deep to get below the bed of the fjord. Gudvangen is situated by the Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord particularly noted for its unspoiled nature and dramatic scenery, and only 300 metres (980 ft) across at its narrowest point. The Sognefjord extends all the way from the Skjolden village in Norway’s Luster municipality to the ocean. The deepest hole ever dug may be pretty unassuming, but I suspect I’m not alone in being a little freaked out by it. [19][20], There are many ferry crossings of the Sognefjord. Aarseth, I., Nesje, A., & Fredin, O. Until about 30 km from the very coast the Sognefjord glacier was apparently constricted to its narrow channel of homogeneous gneiss, then the glacier suddenly spread out presumably through sounds and low valleys. Sognefjorden, a fjord in Norway, is more than 160 kilometers (nearly 100 miles) long. In Norway we have a saying that as high as the mountain you see from the Around the outer area the land rises to about 500 metres (1,600 ft) above the sea, while in the inner areas of the fjord, they reach about 1,600 metres (5,200 ft). The deepest lake in British Columbia (Canada) is Quesnel Lake. Though the nickname has been given probably due to its greatness, it has indeed been visited by both King and Queens over the years! Rather than having a mouth at the ocean or sea, it lies within an estuary that opens into the south-east corner of the Gulf of Penas at Tarn Bay and discharges into the Martinez Inlet. The fjord reaches a maximum depth of 1,308 metres (4,291 ft) below sea level, and the greatest depths are found in the central parts of the fjord near Høyanger. Antarctica’s Ross Ice Shelf is home to the world’s deepest fjord, known as the Skelton Inlet, which is 6,342 feet below sea level at its deepest point. Boka Bay is the southernmost fjord in the world. Larger villages on the fjord and its branches include Leirvik, Ytre Oppedal, Vadheim, Høyanger, Vikøyri, Balestrand, Hermansverk, Sogndalsfjøra, Gudvangen, Flåm, Aurlandsvangen, Lærdalsøyri, Årdalstangen, Gaupne and Solvorn. [10], The inner end of the Sognefjord is southeast of a mountain range rising to about 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above sea level and covered by the Jostedalsbreen, continental Europe's largest glacier. The Sognefjord area includes the municipalities of Aurland, Balestrand, Høyanger, Leikanger, Luster, Lærdal, Sogndal, Vik and Årdal. And the major inflows are Horsefly River and Mitchell River. Sognefjord (Norway) is the 2nd longest, 205 km, and 2nd deepest, 1.3 km. In 1925 about 70 inhabitants from Tasiilaq = Ammassalik ( 800 km to the south ) repopulated the area in the settlement Scoresbysund ( Ittoqqortoormiit = place with big houses). The Sognefjord is often called "The King of fjords" and extends 204 km (127 miles) inland, has a maximum depth of 1,308 meters and the mountains surrounding the fjord tower to heights of 2,000 meters. The seabed in Sognefjord is covered by some 200 metres (660 ft) thick sediments such that the bedrock is some 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) below sea level. In a survey conducted by National Geographic Traveler Magazine the famous fjords of Norway were selected as the number one unspoiled travel spot from a list of 115 destinations around the world. ... You have only you in this world. The Sognefjord cuts through a northwestern gneiss area with a south-west to north-east structure, and penetrates the Caledonian fold through in the inner part. Together with the Geirangerfjord in Møre og Romsdal, the Nærøyfjord is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Sognefjord, the king of the fjords, is the longest fjord adventure in Norway. The Norwegian roots of the word stem from the fact that Norway’s coastline has the highest number of documented fjords. Along the Patagonian coast, surrounded by majestic snow-capped mountains, corals live among some of the deepest fjords in the world. The Sognefjord, the king of the fjords, is the longest fjord adventure in Norway. Its bottom is 4,215 feet below sea level. The inner part […] Sognefjord (Norway) is the 2nd longest, 205 km, and 2nd deepest, 1.3 km. The Sognefjord Span (power lines) crosses the fjord with a span of 4,597 metres (15,082 ft). A fjord is a long, narrow arm of the sea with steep sides, carved by glacial activity. The fjord is up to 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) wide. Confluence of tributary fjords led excavation of the deepest fjord basin. The areas around Quesnel are popular with sports fishing people and tourism. Like the Messier Channel, it is considered a fjord although its name suggests it is a channel. [16], During the last glaciation the ice reached a maximum thickness of nearly 3000 meters in the Sognefjord area. It leaves Bergen and travels upto and along the fjord ,stopping at villages along the fjords edge. The canyon of the river Tara is the deepest canyon in Europe. Alternative Title: fiord Fjord, also spelled fiord, long narrow arm of the sea, commonly extending far inland, that results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. Quesnel Lake is said to be the deepest fjord lake in the world. It is the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, and its mouth is located 45 miles (72 km) north of Bergen . Chile is home to the world’s second deepest fjord, which is located in the sparsely populated region of Patagonia at the southern section of the Andes Mountains. Differences in the Scandinavian and English languages have caused disagreements among geologists and scientists in terms of which bodies of water should be considered fjords as opposed to channels, inlets, lagoons, and bays. Quesnel Lake, located in central British Columbia, is claimed to be the deepest fjord formed lake on Earth. [6], The fjord runs through many municipalities: Solund, Gulen, Hyllestad, Høyanger, Vik, Sogndal, Lærdal, Aurland, Årdal, and Luster. The Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage. [10], Cliffs surrounding the fjord rise almost sheer from the water to heights of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and more. To put that in perspective, Kola descends further than the deepest point of the ocean, which lies at nearly 6.8 miles (11 kilometers). So, what does a big lake mean? Skelton Inlet (Antarctica) is the deepest at 1.9 km. Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side.. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. Upload your best active weather photos and videos or watch them in our new searchable gallery. The wreck of the Frankenwald, a German freighter sunk in 1940, was voted Norway’s Best Wreck Dive by the Norwegian dive magazine, Dykking, in 2009. The origin of this lake is Quesnel River. Sognefjord. The greatest elevation from sea bed to summit is at Sogndal. Measured at 2,001 feet, or 610 meters, Quesnel is the ninth deepest lake on Earth. At the outlet of Quesnel lake, thought to be the world's deepest fjord-lake: with an estimated (but as yet unverified) maximum depth of approximately 600 m, it may be among the ten deepest lakes on the planet; [13] The fjords of western Norway formed in connection to the east-ward tilting of much of Norway during the Cenozoic uplift of the Scandinavian Mountains. Many people complain about the long winters here in the north, but I love the cold and grey months. Located in Vestland county in Western Norway, it stretches 205 kilometres (127 mi) inland from the ocean to the small village of Skjolden in the municipality of Luster. Scoresby Sund (Greenland) is the longest fjord at 350 km. Many people consider fjords the very symbol of Norway. Sognefjord, the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, lies right in the heart of Fjord Norway and extends more than 200 kilometers inland to the foot of the Jotunheimen, Jostedalsbreen and Breheimen national parks. The innermost arm of the Sognefjorden is called the Lustrafjord, in the municipality of Luster. Thresholds occur in an area with sounds, valleys, and low land where the glacier was allowed spread out and lose its erosive effect. The heritage site incorporates a wide range of landscape formations that are associated with the innermost reaches of two of the longest and deepest fjords in the world.Many consider these fjordside areas to be the most beautiful on Earth, and the landscapes remain … Located in the western county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway, this fjord is also known as the King of the Fjords because of its size. Norway contains some of the longest, deepest, and most beautiful fjords in the world. We untied our lines from our slip at Pender Harbour at 7:45 a.m. to start our 48-mile trek up Jervis Inlet. Interestingly, … [10][17], Boats connect settlements along the fjord and its sidearms. The inner part has extensive tributary fjords such as Aurlandsfjorden, while the outer part is connected by narrow sounds to neighbouring fjords. [11] Hurrungane range at the eastern end of the fjord reaches 2,400 metres (7,900 ft). Located in Vestland county in Western Norway, it stretches 205 kilometres (127 mi) inland from the ocean to the small village of Skjolden in the municipality of Luster. Norway’s longest fjord, the Sognefjord, is located in the heart of Norwegian fjord country and extends more than 200 km (120 miles) inland. Mitrovica, Montenegro has a grove of 2000 year old olive trees. Sognefjord is the largest fjord in the country and the third longest in the world, it stretches for 250 km (127 mi) into the inland until reaches a small village of Skjolden. 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