Bhumi Jensen, grandson of Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej was among those killed in Khao Lak. In 2004, the Belón-Álvarez family traveled to Orchid Resort Hotel in Khao Lak, Thailand for the Christmas holidays. “[The Indian Ocean tsunami] came ashore in these places that had no natural warning either, because they were far enough away that they didn’t feel any of the earthquake,” says Borrero. Vasily Titov is a tsunami researcher and forecaster with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Tsunami Research. “The sheer scale of the destruction was just mind-boggling.”. Tsunami is an ever-present and … Map showing the provinces of Thailand affected, "Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on Thailand", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Photos before the destruction of Koh Phi Phi Island,, Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami by country, Articles needing additional references from June 2014, All articles needing additional references, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from June 2014, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from June 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 22:53. Within 100 seconds, an enormous rupture in the earth crust appeared 30 km below the seabed. Again, grants or loans from the government have been essential to enable the industry to re-equip itself. “In earthquakes, a certain number of people die but many more are injured. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Buildings folded like houses of cards, trees and cars were swept up in the oil-black rapids and virtually no one caught in the deluge survived. “It’s a wave, but from the observer’s standpoint, you wouldn’t recognize it as a wave,” Titov says. Thai sources acknowledge that the great majority of those listed as "missing" are in fact dead, and that a large majority of these are foreigners. According to one report, more than 500 fishing boats and ten trawlers were destroyed, as well as many piers and fish-processing facilities. As proof of the record-breaking strength of the tsunami, the last victims of the Boxing Day disaster perished nearly eight hours later when swelling seas and rogue waves caught swimmers by surprise in South Africa, 5,000 miles from the quake’s epicenter. While underwater, they … On Sunday 26 December 2004, a magnitude 9 earthquake occurred off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. Tourists Warren and Julie Lavender were scuba diving off Thailand when the tsunami struck. In the process, massive segments of the ocean floor were forced upward an estimated 30 or 40 meters (up to 130 feet). Reinforced concrete power poles are normally the standard in countries with high seismic risk. At 7:59 AM, a 9.1-magnitude earthquake—one of the largest ever recorded—ripped through an undersea fault in the Indian Ocean, propelling a massive column of water toward unsuspecting shores. Both Borrero and Titov took part in U.S. Geological Survey expeditions in early 2005 to measure the full extent of the tsunami that struck Sumatra. The effect was like dropping the world’s largest pebble in the Indian Ocean with ripples the size of mountains extending out in all directions. That’s 300 miles (480 km) per hour, leaving more than 1.7 million homeless affecting 18 countries. The city of Banda Aceh on the northern tip of Sumatra was closest to the powerful earthquake’s epicenter and the first waves arrived in just 20 minutes. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. “It’s more like the ocean turns into a white water river and floods everything in its path.”. His allegations were supported by the former head of the Meteorological Department, Smith Tumsaroch. The elephant's natural instinct to flee the sea saved the life of a young girl who was upon his back. Apart from deaths, thousands of people had been injured and more than one million displaced. Curious beachgoers even wandered out among the oddly receding waves, only to be chased down by a churning wall of water. Live TV Field Survey northern Sumatra and Banda Aceh, Sumatra region after the December 26th, 2004 earthquake and tsunami led to the This was followed by a large withdrawal of the sea before the … The "total deaths" and "total injured" categories include dead and injured persons whose nationality is not given or has not been established. With waves traveling 500 mph across the Indian Ocean, the tsunami hit the coastal provinces of Phang Nga and Phuket an hour and a half later. The tsunami struck the west coast of Phuket island, flooding and causing damage to almost all the major beaches such as Patong, Karon, Kamala, and Kata beach. Democratic Party politicians said that Smith has failed to produce any evidence for his warnings at the time, and accused Thaksin of politicising the tsunami tragedy. Thailand held legislative elections on 6 February 2005, and the tsunami disaster was drawn into the election campaign. “We took a boat all the way from the middle of the island up to Banda Aceh, the hardest hit area, and for hundreds of kilometers it was as if somebody had taken an eraser and erased everything underneath the 20-meter line,” says Titov. The popular tourist resort of Phuket was badly hit. The number of "foreign injured" has been reduced by evacuations of foreign nationals. Due to the topography of the seabed, coastline and reefs offshore, the tsunami waves piled on top of themselves and in doing so, create the infamous 'disappearing sea effect' which enticed many tourists to their deaths. During the 2004 Tsunami, neither the quick data analysis nor the ground warning systems were in place, but since then countries involved have worked to remedy that shortcoming. The 2004 quake ruptured a 900-mile stretch along the Indian and Australian plates 31 miles below the ocean floor. A little more than a month later, he took a … The Deadliest Natural Disasters in U.S. History. On the morning of the 26th of December 2004, the seafloor shook and rumbled off the west coast of Sumatra. Today we remember the victims of that fateful day back in 2004. The destruction of many second-rate structures along the beaches provided opportunities to rebuild popular tourist areas such as Patong Beach at Phuket in a more aesthetically and environmentally suitable way. The huge quake triggered a massive tsunami across the Indian Ocean which would kill more than 230,000 people across 14 countries and become one of the world's deadliest and most destructive natural disasters. In response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, World Vision mounted its largest-ever relief response across five countries simultaneously — Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, India, and Myanmar — and raised more than $350 million. The Boxing Day tsunami would be the deadliest in recorded history, taking a staggering 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Titov emphasizes that tsunamis look nothing like the giant surfing break-style waves that many of us imagine. RIP. According to this article, the estimated number of deaths among Thai nationals has been reduced from about 2,500 to about 1,800, and the estimated number of deaths among foreigners has been reduced from 2,500 to 1,300. The huge waves missed the coast of Indonesia on the north side and went on to Thailand, where between 5,000 and 8,000 people died. At some places in Phuket and Phang Nga provinces, elephants were used to move and lift heavy wreckage to search for victims and to clear roads. While the destruction in Thailand… © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The death toll in Thailand was nearly 5,400 including 2,000 foreign tourists. Moreover, a large number of people re… The Story of Dwayne Meadows, survivor of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. Bayona. The family was on vacation in Thailand when the tsunami struck. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to … At 7.58am local time on December 26, 2004 - 15 years ago - a 9.1-magnitude earthquake struck off the Indonesian coast, at the northern tip of Sumatra.. It’s completely reversed with tsunamis,” says Titov. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. But in the shallows they slowed, piled up… The follow-on tsunami killed about 280,000 people and remains one of the largest humanitarian disasters in recent history. The Director-General of the World Health Organization, Dr Lee Jong-Wook, went on Thai television to say that he was eating fish every day. This is due to increasing doubts about the reliability of the classification on the basis of visual identification of badly decomposed bodies into "Thai" and "foreign" categories. Tsunami In Thailand (2004) - Short (Documentary) This deadliest tsunami 2004 caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day is the most devastating tsunami in modern times, traveled 375 miles (600 km) in a mere 75 min. Some flooding also occurred inland, though no casualties were reported. Despite the time lapse, locals and tourists were caught completely unaware of the imminent destruction. Khao Lak experienced the highest run-up of any tsunami wave height of any location outside Sumatra. The tsunami also moved east across the Indian Ocean. The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. Thailand was one of the countries that was hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Tuk-tuk drivers were quick to offer assistance, driving victims to hospitals, higher grounds and away from the surging waters. Many Thai-owned hotels and other small businesses were ruined, and the Thai government provided large amounts of capital to enable the recovery of the private sector. Rather than delivering one violent jolt, the quake lasted an unrelenting 10 minutes, releasing as much pent-up power as several thousand atomic bombs. Due to proximity of the Andaman coasts of Thailand situated just about 500 km east of the earthquake epicentre, the tsunami took just 2 hours to reach and strike the western coastline of the country. It was triggered by a magnitude 9.1-9.3 earthquake along the Indian-Australian subduction zone off the northern coast of Sumatra. Some 250 people were reported dead, including tourists. But some of the worst devastation was reserved for the island nation of Sri Lanka, where more than 30,000 people were swept away by the waves and hundreds of thousands left homeless. By 12 January some of the affected resorts in the south had re-opened, and the Thai government had begun an advertising campaign to bring visitors back to the area as quickly as possible, though everyone knew it would be quite a while before Thailand was in a state of normalcy, professionals guessed around ten years. In the open ocean the tsunami's fast-moving waves were only a few feet high and posed little hazard to deepwater reefs. With Naomi Watts, Ewan McGregor, Tom Holland, Oaklee Pendergast. These days, Thailand is better prepared for tsunamis as they are 2 hours away from being hit again if there is a new tsunami. The earthquake was caused by a rupture along the fault between the Burma Plate and the I… Borrero remembers coming upon a colossal freighter loaded with bags of cement that had been flipped on its back with its propeller in the air. Due to proximity of the Andaman coasts of Thailand situated just about 500 km east of the earthquake epicentre, the tsunami took just 2 hours to reach and strike the western coastline of the country. On the left side of this map is the Andaman Sea which first receded and then roared back as a massive tsunami on December, 26, 2004, causing extensive damage and deaths along the entire west coast. Sonali Deraniyagala lost her husband, children and parents in the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, and was maddened with grief. After the 2004 Tsunami, Thailand created a tsunami evacuation system with alarm towers along the coast, plus radio, television, and text message warnings and clearly marked evacuation routes in densely populated areas. The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by slippage of about 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) of the boundary between the India and Burma plates off … The beach resorts along the Andaman Sea coast were extensively damaged. Read more: The Deadliest Natural Disasters in U.S. History. The Thai government reported 4,812[1] confirmed deaths, 8,457[1] injuries, and 4,499[1] missing after the country was hit by a tsunami caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004. These included six male Indian elephants which had previously been used in making the movie Alexander. Case study: tsunami. The severity of the situation in Khao Lak is probably explained by the fact, that unlike the high-rise hotels of Phuket, the village of Khao Lak only had low built bungalows instead of high-rise concrete hotels. 2004 Khao Lak Tsunami. Once caught in the raging waters, if the currents don’t pull you under, the debris will finish the job. The massive 9.1 magnitude quake even shook buildings in Bangkok, Thailand 1,242 miles (nearly 2,000 kilometers) from where the … Relatives of people killed in the 2004 tsunami embrace at a commemoration ceremony on Dec 26, 2014 in Phangnga’s Takua Pa district to mark the 10th anniversary of the deadly disaster. Directed by J.A. Titov will never forget the scene of widespread devastation he witnessed on Sumatra even months after the tsunami waters had subsided. What has saved her, she tells Tim Adams , … Describing the findings of a two-week survey of coral reefs the Thailand coast around Phuket, Phi Phi and the Surin Island three and a half months after the December 2004 tsunami, Greg Stone of the New England Aquarium wrote in National Geographic: “After more than 500 dives at 56 sites, we found plenty of damage but even more reason for optimism. It was 2004, the day after Christmas, and thousands of European and American tourists had flocked to the beaches of Thailand, Sri Lanka and Indonesia to escape the winter chill in a tropical paradise. Thousands of Thais dependent on tourism-related industries lost their jobs, not just in the south but also in the poorest part of Thailand, Isan in the north-east, where many workers in the tourism industry come from. PHOTO: Phuket just moments after the Indian Ocean Tsunami hit the holiday island on December 26, 2004 – Associated Press/Stephen Trupp Fifteen years after the Indian Ocean tsunami killed upwards of 230,000 people on December 26, 2004, a container at the Takua Pa police station in Phang Nga, southern Thailand, still contains personal items from the hundreds of victims whose … The fishing industry was damaged by the extensive destruction of fishing boats and tackle, which individual fishing families could not afford to replace, particularly since many lost their homes as well. The nearby Ko Lanta Yai, however, was not afflicted as badly. Asian Tsunami Disaster, Khao Lak, Thailand (2004) Asian Tsunami Disaster, Aceh, Indonesia (2004) Tai Chung County Earthquake (1999) Highland Towers Collapse in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (1993) Baguio City Earthquake, Philippines (1990) Flooding due to Dam Collapse, Attapeu Province, Laos PDR Total fourteen countries affected during the 2004 tsunami including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Somalia, Myanmar, Maldives, Malaysia, Tanzania, Seychelles, Bangladesh, South Africa, Kenya, and Madagascar. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! This effect is also known as the tsunami drawback. “This was the most extreme tsunami event since 1960,” says Borrero, referring to the 8.6-magnitude Chilean earthquake and tsunami that punished the Pacific, including the leveling of Hilo, Hawaii, 15 hours after the quake. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Thais found this possibility offensive both on health grounds and for religious reasons. The confidence of European tourists in travelling to places such as Phuket also took some time to recover, which is one reason why Thailand strongly backed the installed tsunami warning system. It was an undersea megathrust earthquake that registered a magnitude of 9.1–9.3 Mw, reaching a Mercalli intensity up to IX in certain areas. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Many people were the victim of one of the most powerful aspects of nature, the Tsunami. December 26, 2004. The story of a tourist family in Thailand caught in the destruction and chaotic aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. An earthquake and tsunami of the magnitude that struck in 2004 is so rare that catastrophic tsunamis are all but unknown in the long cultural histories of India and Sri Lanka, explains Jose Borrero, a tsunami researcher with the University of Southern California and director of eCoast, a marine consultancy based in New Zealand. The sea around these islands when the tsunami struck was reported to have strong currents and divers underwater felt as though they were in a washing machine. “They are the largest faults in the world and they’re all underwater,” says Titov. People flee as a tsunami wave comes crashing ashore at Koh Raya, part of Thailand's territory in the Andaman islands, 23 kilometers from Phuket island, southern Thailand, on December 26, 2004. It’s nearly impossible to imagine the 100-foot roiling mountain of water that engulfed the coastal city of 320,000, instantly killing more than 100,000 men, women and children. Addition of the tsunami's waves and associated debris demonstrated their weakness to shearing at the base. On a beach in Thailand, a man was leading an elephant to entertain tourists, when the tsunami came. The resulting earthquake was the third largest ever recorded. There were revelations about the height of these poles, too – the (up to) 10 meter waves submerged the shorter, older poles. Ten years ago, on 26 December 2004, the Earth’s crust shifted along a 1,300 km fault off the northern coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. Watch the tremendous tsunami of 2004 approach the coast of Thailand. The first location where the tsunami was noticed was on the Similan Islands, a famous diving site located about 70 km from Phang Nga town in Pha Nga province or 13 km from central Khao Lak. The number of deaths whose nationality has not been established has risen correspondingly, from less than 200 to about 2,100. “So without a natural warning, without an official warning and with no history of tsunamis, hitting coastlines full of people, that’s the perfect combination to cause a lot of death and destruction.”. Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra accused the former Democratic Party of Thailand government of Chuan Leekpai of ignoring warnings in 1998 of the possible risk of a tsunami affecting Thailand. On Dec. 26, 2004, the world's most powerful earthquake in more than 40 years struck deep under the Indian Ocean off the west coast of Sumatra. All Rights Reserved. The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by an earthquake that is thought to have had the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs. Tsunami 2004 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Feb 12, 2015 - To give an accurate representation of what happened. “Almost no injuries, because it’s such a difficult disaster to survive.”. In early November 2004, Hawai’i resident Dwayne Meadows attended a scientific conference where he purchased a commemorative t-shirt. Infrastructure in general was, predictably, severely damaged, though much has been gleaned from surveying the aftermath. As a result, even those fishing families who were able to fish were unable to sell their catch. It was during these expeditions that scientists confirmed maximum wave heights of more than 131 feet on the northwestern tip of the island. Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, tsunami that hit the coasts of several countries of South and Southeast Asia in December 2004. The sectors most badly damaged were tourism and fishing. Over 500,000 people were injured by the tsunami, with a further 150,000 at risk from infectious diseases in the aftermath. On December 26, 2004, at 7:59 am local time, an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 struck off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. European governments have pledged large sums of money to rebuild infrastructure and to fund new schools and orphanages for the Thai communities affected, as a gesture of thanks for the assistance given to their citizens by the Thai people. Thailand was next. In the long run the tsunami disaster brought considerable benefits to Thailand, especially the southern tourist areas. Billions of people were waking up, making coffee, or in other parts of the globe preparing for a good night’s sleep. Map of Phuket Island Tsunami Region in Thailand. On the coast of Thailand, billions of tons of water crashed onto the shores.An extremely powerful earthquake, classified as a ‘megathrust’, caused an enormous Tsunami. The economic impact of the tsunami on Thailand was considerable, though not as great as in poorer countries such as Indonesia or Sri Lanka. Thailand has a liberalised, flexible and robust economy, which has shown powers of rapid recuperation after previous setbacks. Hundreds of holiday tourists on the Phi Phi Islands were washed out to sea. RECOVERY PROCESS IN THAILAND AFTER THE 2004 INDIAN OCEAN TSUNAMI group made a detailed survey on tsunami behavior (Matsutomi et al., 2004; Satake et al., 2005 and Tsuji et al., 2006). All bodies of unknown origin will now be DNA tested to determine their ethnic origin. image caption Survivors walk through the debris on Phuket's Patong beach the day after the tsunami Shortly before 08:00 on 26 December 2004, a magnitude-9.1 … Source: Bangkok Post. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami and, by the scientific community, the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake ) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time (UTC+7) on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.