Your Dracaena may not be growing in a mix with rock so I’ll leave alternative mixes (with 2 ingredients) down below. Too much direct sunlight may burn the foliage. Purdue Department of Horticulture: Indoor Plant Care 9. Don't forget to wear gloves when working in soil to protect yourself from soil-borne pathogens. The appropriate potting soil should allow water to drain freely. This dracaena grows best in USDA zones 10 through 12 and reaches maximum heights of 20 feet outdoors but only 6 feet when grown in a container. Avoid extreme light conditions; your plant should receive filtered, bright sunlight for the most part of … If you’re buying commercially prepared compost in bulk from a garden store or nursery, this amounts to approximately 16 cubic feet of compost for every 100 square feet of garden space. Popular Dracaenas to Grow Dracaena fragrans, or corn plant. Light:It prefers full sun but needs some shade in very hot afternoon sun. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Fragrans 3. Soil. University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Deremensis 5. Pull potting soil up around the trunk to the same level as it was in the previous pot. Use fresh potting soil rather than re-using the old soil, to help prevent diseases and boost nutrition. Dracaena tolerates a range of soil types, but drainage is important. Whether you go the indoor or outdoor route, providing the right soil conditions is one of the few critical requirements needed by this hardy, low-maintenance plant. It tolerates low light indoors. Dracaenas are tropical plants and are not frost tolerant, so for that reason, they are usually grown indoors. Potting and Soil Choose a pot with drainage that’s just a few inches larger than the root ball so the root system has room to grow. Mulch serves several purposes in terms of creating the best soil conditions for your dracaenas. Texas A&M University Extension: How Much Water Does Mulch Save? And although the plants are known for their ability to thrive in low light, they grow best in bright but indirect light. The perfect potting medium for the dragon plant should be a mixture of loamy soil and peat moss. are an excellent choice for home gardeners with children. Pot your dracaena plant using a well draining, all-purpose potting soil. Soil:Loam based potting soil. If you choose to grow your dracaenas outdoors, add compost to the planting site, suggests the National Gardening Association. I alternate between Happy Frog & Ocean Forest. Adjust the position of the plant if need be, to keep it centered. A month after planting, start feeding with plant food. To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. Transplant when the plant grows too large for the pot. The Ideal Soil Dracaena marginata prefers a soil that has a high nutrient content and is slightly acidic. The soil mix should have good drainage. Temperature:Does best at 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit but for short periods will tolerate slightly colder temperatures. are an excellent choice for home gardeners with children. In order to enhance drainage, pour clay pebbles or small stones into the pot to form a layer at the bottom. The potting mixture should be allowed to reach dryness in between watering. Replenish the mulch layer as needed to maintain its thickness. The Dracaena compacta plant, a compact, slow growing member of the Dracaena family, is native to South East Africa. Peat moss can help lower soil pH, although its sustainability as a natural resource is hotly debated. Mold can survive the acidity, but your plant's roots may not! University of Florida Extension: Dracaena Reflexa 6. 1. Overall, mold in potting soil is very easy to treat. To improve drainage, choose a potting soil that contains peat moss. Cornell University Extension: Using Organic Matter in the Garden 8. Dracaenas (Dracaena spp.) If you wish to raise them outdoors, the most commonly used varieties of dracaenas thrive throughout U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11, including Dracaena fragrans, Dracaena marginata, Dracaena deremensis and Dracaena reflexa. All, however, have the same basic soil and cultural requirements. Dracaena reflexa is a popular houseplant that’s known for its beautiful leaves. Soil If you opt to grow your houseplant in aerated potting soil rather than in water and rocks in a container, it is imperative that you keep it moderately moist all the time. Compost improves soil moisture levels, which this plant enjoys. Dracaena marginata plants like loose, well-draining potting soil with a pH of 6-7, which is on the acidic side. One of the best things about dracaenas is that they are easy to grow, but don't let your little ones be too eager to water the plant. Containers should have drainage holes in the base to allow water to drain quickly from the soil. Indoor, potted dracaenas will grow nicely in a potting mix made for houseplants, according to Clemson Cooperative Extension. Create your own, ideal dracaena planting mix by combining equal parts of potting soil and vermiculite. Cinnamon is a much safer and effective option. Water when the top inch of soil is dry, avoiding city water if possible. In poorly drained soil, the tree is at risk of root rot and other fungal diseases. Outdoors, choose a location that does not collect standing water and has rich, loamy soil. General potting mixes tend to work fine when potting Dracaena plants, although they do prefer a more acidic mixture. My one word of advice is to avoid the use of vinegar. To make sure the soil drains properly, grow the indoor tree in a container with drainage holes. When watering, apply enough irrigation to moisten the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches — if you’re growing your dracaenas outdoors — or until moisture appears out of the planting pot’s bottom drainage holes. University of Connecticut College of Agriculture and Natural Resources: Mulch Basics, Check Your Soil: a Sermon Based on Mark 4:1-25, How to Build Effective, Productive and Profitable Relationships in 21st Century Soil, In U.S.-Mexico Sports Battles, U.S. You’ll need to check it daily to strike a balance. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Do not use a soil mixture that contains perlite since this contains fluoride. Pruning Both in water and in soil, Dracaena Sanderiana does not stop growing. This ingredient may leach fluoride into the soil, and dracaenas are sensitive to fluoride, which can kill the plant. Dracaena marginata is a striking plant that grows on a slender, twisting trunk topped with a mass of long, slender leaves. Like all Dracaenas, the marginata flourishes in a humid atmosphere.