[1], While the causes of a hangover are still poorly understood,[2] several factors are known to be involved including acetaldehyde accumulation, changes in the immune system and glucose metabolism, dehydration, metabolic acidosis, disturbed prostaglandin synthesis, increased cardiac output, vasodilation, sleep deprivation and malnutrition. hangover (n.) 1894, "a survival, a thing left over from before," from hang (v.) + over. By Maria Popova. Bluestocking: an intellectual or literary woman. In The Hangover, nobody learns a lesson. Add to shaker tin: 0.75 oz simple syrup; 0.75 oz fresh-squeezed lime juice . [12] However, recent studies showed no significant correlation between hangover severity and the concentrations of various hormones, electrolytes, free fatty acids, triglycerides, lactate, ketone bodies, cortisol, and glucose in blood and urine samples. Studies suggest that electrolyte changes play only a minor role in the genesis of the alcohol hangover and are caused by dehydration effects. Wear a mask, wash your hands, stay safe. Hangover According to the Online Etymology Dictionary , the first documented use of hangover (or hang-over) was in 1894, and it meant “a survival, a … figurative (person remaining) (persona) resto nm nombre masculino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente masculino, que lleva los artículos el o un en singular, y los o unos en plural. But when the rats were given caffeine, which blocks the action of adenosine, they no longer experienced headaches. Is the Term ‘Hangover’ Derived from Age-old Practice Of Drunken Sailors Sleeping on a Rope? The site has become a favorite resource of teachers of reading, spelling, and English as a second language. [5], According to an article in Historic UK, the term hangover would come from the practice of homeless people in London spending the night in a room sleeping while literally hanging over a rope. [58] In the 19th century United States, a hangover was sometimes called a Katzenjammer from the German for "screeching cats". [31], In current research, the significant relationship between immune factors and hangover severity is the most convincing among all factors so far studied. It would be interesting to see what word the Greek poet used. The English language is forever changing. The socioeconomic consequences and health risks of alcohol hangover include workplace absenteeism, impaired job performance, reduced productivity and poor academic achievement. In Canada 1.4 billion (USD) is lost each year because of decreased occupational productivity caused by hangover-like symptoms. World Wide Words tries to record at least a part of this shifting wordscape by featuring new words, word histories, words in the news, and the curiosities of native English speech. Etymologists haven’t been able to discover exactly from where ‘raining cats and dogs’ came, but there are several theories. A hangover is a collection of symptoms a person may experience after binging on alcohol. [3], The metabolic processes required for alcohol elimination deplete essential vitamins[29] and electrolytes. [3] An imbalance of the immune system, in particular of cytokine metabolism has been identified as playing a role in the pathophysiology of the hangover state. In addition, about half of all East Asians convert acetaldehyde to acetic acid more slowly (via acetaldehyde dehydrogenase), causing a higher buildup of acetaldehyde than normally seen in other groups. Shop unique Hangover face masks designed and sold by independent artists. But when Phil, Doug, Stu, and Alan wake up the next morning with pounding headaches, th… Meaning: Alcohol consumed in order to reduce symptoms of a hangover. I asked him whether anyone could possibly sleep in such an attitude, and he said that it was more comfortable than it sounded — at any rate, better than bare floor.” It’s mentioned in a work of a century earlier, The Magic Skin by Honor� de Balzac, which was translated into English by Ellen Marriage in 1895: “We ... made it a point of honour to find out whether you were roosting in a tree in the Champs-Elys�es, or in one of those philanthropic abodes where the beggars sleep on a twopenny rope.”. Hang - meaning to suspend, comes from the ancient (PIE) word kank which means the same thing. [42] By 1938, the Ritz-Carlton Hotel provided a hangover remedy in the form of a mixture of Coca-Cola and milk[42] (Coca-Cola itself having been invented, by some accounts,[43][44] as a hangover remedy). An alternative folk etymology is that the name arose because someone tasked with one of these 'half' watches was said to be 'dodging the watch', taking or standing the 'dodge watch'. ", "For hangovers, bartenders prefer the 'hair of the dog' - SFGate", "Hangover Myths Slideshow: Hangover Cures, Herbal Remedies, Hair of the Dog, and Other Common Myths", "Caffeinated Drinks, Alcohol Consumption, and Hangover Severity", "Alcohol consumption by college undergraduates: current use and 10-year trends", "11 old-timey words for 'hangover' we need to bring back", "This London company is offering 'hangover' sick days to its staff", "Alcohol Hangover: Mechanisms and Mediators", "The party's over: Advice on treating hangovers", Acute intoxication from hallucinogens (bad trip), Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hangover&oldid=998537924, Articles with dead external links from September 2020, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Thanks for subscribing! 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